Wed

28

Dec

2011

Egypt News — Revolution and Aftermath

Egypt News — Revolution and Aftermath
Egypt News — Revolution and Aftermath

General Information on Egypt

Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt 
Capital: Cairo (Current local time
Government Type:Republic 
Population: 80.3 million 
Area: 386,000 square miles; approximately equal to Texas and New Mexico combined 
Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes 
Literacy: Total Population: [71%] Male: [83%]; Female: [59%] 
Year of Independence:1922 
Web site: Egypt.gov.eg (in Arabic and English)

 

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Mon

14

Mar

2011

The Middle East feminist revolution

Women supporting women inevitably leads to women supporting revolution. In Tunisia and Tahrir Square, women were at the front and centre of organising and leading protests, demanding social change [GALLO/GETTY]
Women supporting women inevitably leads to women supporting revolution. In Tunisia and Tahrir Square, women were at the front and centre of organising and leading protests, demanding social change [GALLO/GETTY]

 

Al Jarezza

 

Women are not merely joining protests to topple dictators, 

 they are at the centre of demanding social change.

 

Among the most prevalent Western stereotypes about Muslim countries are those concerning Muslim women: doe-eyed, veiled, and submissive, exotically silent, gauzy inhabitants of imagined harems, closeted behind rigid gender roles. So where were these women in Tunisia and Egypt?

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Mon

14

Feb

2011

Military rulers dissolve Egypt’s parliament

An Egyptian woman takes her son back after taking a picture of him with soldiers at Cairo’s Tahrir Square on Sunday (AFP photo by Pedro Ugarte)
An Egyptian woman takes her son back after taking a picture of him with soldiers at Cairo’s Tahrir Square on Sunday (AFP photo by Pedro Ugarte)

Excerpt from The Jordon Times

Monday, February 14th, 2011, 3:05 pm Amman Time

 

CAIRO (Reuters) - Egypt's new military rulers said on Sunday they had dissolved parliament and suspended the constitution and would govern only for six months or until elections took place, following the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak.

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Mon

14

Feb

2011

Egyptian PM says security is priority

Egyptian army soldiers surround remaining protesters on Tahrir Square as the military tries to help people return to normal life in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday morning, Feb.13, 2011. Protesters were debating whether to lift their 24-hour-a-day demonstration camp in Tahrir. (AP Photo/Manoocher Deghati)

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Mon

14

Feb

2011

Protesters press for voice in Egyptian democracy

An anti-government protester waves an Egyptian flag on top of a tank during celebrations in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, Egypt , Saturday, Feb. 12, 2011. Cries of "Egypt is free" rang out and fireworks lit up the sky as hundreds of thousands danced, wept and prayed in joyful pandemonium after 18 days of peaceful pro-democracy protests forced President Hosni Mubarak to surrender power to the military, ending three decades of authoritarian rule. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

 

 

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Mon

14

Feb

2011

Egypt's US envoy says Mubarak may be unwell

An Egyptian woman walks with her baby in front of a burnt out vehicle that was being taken away near Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, Egypt , Saturday, Feb. 12, 2011. Cries of "Egypt is free" rang out and fireworks lit up the sky as hundreds of thousands danced, wept and prayed in joyful pandemonium after 18 days of peaceful pro-democracy protests forced President Hosni Mubarak to surrender power to the military, ending three decades of authoritarian rule.

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Fri

11

Feb

2011

Why Ghonim's passion reignited revolt

Just out of jail, Wael Ghonim is embraced by the mother of Khalid Said, who was allegedly beaten to death by police.
Just out of jail, Wael Ghonim is embraced by the mother of Khalid Said, who was allegedly beaten to death by police.

By Peter Bouckaert, Special to CNN

February 11, 2011 12:32 p.m. EST

Peter Bouckaert is the emergencies director at Human Rights Watch.

 

Cairo, Egypt (CNN) -- Few things to date have energized popular Egyptian protests against President Hosni Mubarak as much as the emotional interview given by Wael Ghonim, a 30-year-old Egyptian internet activist, almost immediately after his release from 12 days of detention by the feared state security police.

 

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Fri

11

Feb

2011

Murbarak resigns. A Peaceful Rebellion

EXCERPT FROM AN ARTICLE:

 

Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian president, has resigned from his post, handing over power to the armed forces. Omar Suleiman, the vice-president, announced in a televised address that the president was "waiving" his office, and had handed over authority to the Supreme Council of the armed forces. Suleiman's short statement was received with a roar of approval and by celebratory chanting and flag-waving from a crowd of hundreds of thousands in Cairo's Tahrir Square, as well by pro-democracy campaigners who attended protests across the country on Friday. The crowd in Tahrir chanted "We have brought down the regime", while many were seen crying, cheering and embracing one another. Mohamed ElBaradei, an opposition leader, hailed the moment as being the "greatest day of my life", in comments to the Associated Press news agency. "The country has been liberated after decades of repression,'' he said. "Tonight, after all of these weeks of frustration, of violence, of intimidation ... today the people of Egypt undoubtedly [feel they] have been heard, not only by the president, but by people all around the world," our correspondent at Tahrir Square reported, following the announcement. "The sense of euphoria is simply indescribable," our correspondent at Mubarak's Heliopolis presidential palace, where at least ten thousand pro-democracy activists had gathered, said. Pro-democracy activists in the Egyptian capital had marched on the presidential palace and state television buildings on Friday, the 18th consecutive day of protests.

2 Comments

Fri

11

Feb

2011

Egyptians hold 'Farewell Friday'

Pro-democracy protesters in Tahrir Square have vowed to take the protests to a 'last and final stage' [AFP]
Pro-democracy protesters in Tahrir Square have vowed to take the protests to a 'last and final stage' [AFP]

Aljazeera:  Protesters' new push to force president Mubarak to step down may test the military's loyalties.

 

Massive crowds have gathered in Cairo's Tahrir (Liberation) Square on Friday, chanting "the army and the people are one, hand in hand". Pro-democracy protesters had called for "millions" of Egyptians to take to the streets across the country, a day after Hosni Mubarak, Egypt's president, repeated his refusal to step down. In a statement read out on state television at midday, the military announced that it would lift a 30-year-old emergency law but only "as soon as the current circumstances end".

 

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Thu

10

Feb

2011

Reports: Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak may transfer power

Washington Post

By Craig Whitlock, Leila Fadel and Ernesto Londono
Washington Post Foreign Service
Thursday, February 10, 2011; 10:58 am

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/09/AR2011020905656_pf.html 


 

CAIRO -- President Hosni Mubarak will meet the demands of protesters, military and ruling party officials, the Associated Press reported Thursday, in the strongest indication yet that Egypt's longtime president may be about to give up power.

 

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Wed

09

Feb

2011

Who's afraid of the Muslim Brothers

There are offshoots of the Muslim Brotherhood in countries across the region [EPA]
There are offshoots of the Muslim Brotherhood in countries across the region [EPA]

ALJAZEERA

Western fears of 'Islamism' have been aided by Arab autocrats seeking to prolong their iron-fisted rule.

By Mohammed Khan, a political analyst based in the UAE.

The views expressed in this article are the author's own

and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera's editorial policy.

Last Modified: 09 Feb 2011 08:10 GMT

 

"Islamism" has been sending jitters through Western political corridors over recent years readily aided and abetted by Arab autocrats who have exaggerated and harnessed the "Islamist" threat to prolong their iron-fisted rule.

In the case of Egypt, the biggest bogeyman in this long-running battle over political supremacy with the state is the Muslim Brotherhood (the Ikhwan al-Muslimun) whose influence extends across the Arab and Islamic world.

 

 

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Wed

09

Feb

2011

Labour unions boost Egypt protests

Pro-democracy protesters have gathered outside the parliament, near Cairo's Tahrir Square [AFP]
Pro-democracy protesters have gathered outside the parliament, near Cairo's Tahrir Square [AFP]

From Aljazeera

Last Modified: 09 Feb 2011 14:38 GMT

Thousands of factory workers stay away from work as pro-democracy protesters continue to rally seeking Mubarak's ouster.

 

 

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Mon

07

Feb

2011

Egypt protesters unmoved by talks

Hundreds of people are resisting attempts by the army to restore order to Tahrir Square
Hundreds of people are resisting attempts by the army to restore order to Tahrir Square

BBC NEWS

7 February 2011 Last updated at 03:16 ET

 

Talks between the Egyptian government and opposition groups on tackling the country's political crisis have failed to end protests in central Cairo.

 

Crowds of protesters, who have occupied the city's Tahrir Square for two weeks, say they will only leave when President Hosni Mubarak stands down.

The government offered a series of concessions at Sunday's talks, but the opposition said they were not enough.

 

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Mon

07

Feb

2011

Egypt unrest: Protests map CAIRO: KEY LOCATIONS

From BBC News
From BBC News
0 Comments

Sun

06

Feb

2011

The Arab reform dodge: Cosmetic concessions aren't enough

The Washington Post editorial Friday, February 4, 2011

 

LIKE EGYPTIAN President Hosni Mubarak, Arab rulers around the Middle East are trying to head off the swelling popular discontent in their countries while retaining political control. In the past few days, Jordan's King Abdullah fired his prime minister and cabinet and ordered a new appointee to undertake reforms, while Yemen's President Abdullah Salehpromised not to run for another term or promote his son. The Palestinian Authority announced it would hold overdue local elections, Algeria's president promised an end to 19 years of emergency rule, and even Syria's Bashar al-Assad assured the Wall Street Journal that he would initiate muncipal elections and loosen controls on the media.

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Sat

05

Feb

2011

Some comments at the end of a timeline

There are already several timelines about the North African uprisings, and the intent is not to include another one.  If you want another timeline here is a connection: Another TImeline  I am mentioning it here because of the paragraphs at the end of the timeline, and because of the very nice map of the area.

 

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Sat

05

Feb

2011

TIMELINE: Revolt in the Middle East and North Africa To Feb 4

To Source:  National Journal

By Kenneth Chamberlain

Friday, January 28, 2011 | 6:10 p.m.

 

The fast-paced events in Tunisia, Egypt, and elsewhere in northern Africa and the Middle East during the past month or so can be confusing and hard to follow. Below is a basic outline of what has happened.

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Sat

05

Feb

2011

China restricts news, discussion of Egypt unrest

Chinese censors are apparently blocking online discussion of unrest in Egypt and sanitising news reports about it in a sign of official unease that the uprising could fuel calls for reform at home.

By AFP    Published: Monday, January 31, 2011


Chinese censors are apparently blocking online discussion of unrest in Egypt and sanitising news reports about it in a sign of official unease that the uprising could fuel calls for reform at home.

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Fri

04

Feb

2011

Egypt's 'Friday Of Departure' Rally: Massive, But Calm

Egyptian soldiers stand behind barbed wire at the entrance of Cairo's Tahrir Square as anti-government demonstrators gather Friday by NPR STAFF AND WIRES  February 4, 2011

Tens of thousands of anti-government protesters massed again in central Cairo for what organizers billed as a "Friday of Departure." After two days of clashes with supporters of the regime, their goal remained the same: Force out President Hosni Mubarak.

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Thu

03

Feb

2011

Media in the line of fire in Egypt

As the situation intensifies in Egypt, journalists are increasingly targeted [AFP]Domestic and foreign journalists have come under siege amid the turmoil in Egypt.  Al Jazeera's online producer   Modified: 03 Feb 2011 13:34 GMT
As the situation intensifies in Egypt, journalists are increasingly targeted [AFP]Domestic and foreign journalists have come under siege amid the turmoil in Egypt. Al Jazeera's online producer Modified: 03 Feb 2011 13:34 GMT

Journalists in Egypt – domestic and foreign – are increasingly under siege, with Egyptian authorities detaining reporters and gangs of young men roaming the streets looking for anyone with camera equipment.


Some of the pressure has come from the government: Six Al Jazeera journalists were detained for several hours earlier this week, and while they were eventually released, their equipment remains with the police.

Two New York Times reporters were reportedly arrested – or "taken into protective custody", as the government termed it.

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Wed

02

Feb

2011

A Completely Unpredictable Revolution Mubarak, the military, and the future.

Only fools would predict the unpredictable, and thus with the course of the Egyptian revolution. Imagine yourself as a pundit in Paris at the start of the French Revolution, the mother of them all. In August of 1789, you would have celebrated the “General Declaration of Human Rights,” an ur-document of democracy, as the dawn of “liberty, equality and fraternity.” Yet, four years later, the Terreurerupted, claiming anywhere between 16,000 and 40,000 lives. In 1804, one-man despotism was back. Except its name was not “Louis,” but “Napoleon.”

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Tue

01

Feb

2011

TIMELINE: Revolt in the Middle East and North Africa To Jan 31

The fast-paced events in Tunisia, Egypt, and elsewhere in northern Africa and the Middle East during the past month or so can be confusing and hard to follow. Below is a basic outline of what has happened.

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Tue

01

Feb

2011

March of a Million People

The Huffington Post/AP First Posted: 02/ 1/11 12:29 AM Updated: 02/ 1/11 05:50 AM
The Huffington Post/AP First Posted: 02/ 1/11 12:29 AM Updated: 02/ 1/11 05:50 AM

CAIRO - Tens of thousands of people flooded into the heart of Cairo Tuesday, filling the city's main square as a call for a million protesters was answered by the largest demonstration in a week of unceasing demands for President Hosni Mubarak to leave after nearly 30 years in power.   More in Huffingtonpost

 

0 Comments

Mon

31

Jan

2011

TimeLine: Egypts revolt

An Egyptian army soldier tries to stop anti-government protesters as they walk towards Tahrir Square in Cairo, Sunday, Jan. 30, 2011. The Arab world’s most populous nation appeared to be swiftly moving closer to a point at which it either dissolves into widespread chaos or the military expands its presence and control of the streets. – AP Photo

 

In the past week, inspired by Tunisia’s successful uprising, Egyptian citizens have taken back their country in an uproar against the 30-year regime of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Here is a breakdown of the events:

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Mon

31

Jan

2011

ElBaradei Returns to Egypt

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Sun

30

Jan

2011

U.S. Offers Evacuation Flights as Mubarak Clings to Power

Egyptian protesters prayed Saturday in front of a military vehicles in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo on Saturday
Egyptian protesters prayed Saturday in front of a military vehicles in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo on Saturday

More in New York Times 

CAIRO — As President Hosni Mubarak struggled to maintain a tenuous hold on power and the Egyptian military reinforced strategic points in the capital, the United States said on Sunday it was offering evacuation flights for its citizens and urged all Americans currently in Eqypt to “consider leaving as soon as they can safely do so.” By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK and ALAN COWELL Published: January 30, 2011

1 Comments

Sat

29

Jan

2011

Egypt - Turmoil

 

 

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak ordered his Cabinet ministers to resign early Saturday but also vowed to remain in power himself and backed his government's use of force to quell the massive protests that have challenged his 30-year rule.

 

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Fri

13

Nov

2015

Are Languages Products of their Environment?


shutterstock_222422665_151112


DISCOVER MAGAZINE published this very interesting article: 


  Languages Are Products of Their Environments


The characteristics that make each language unique may actually be adaptations to the acoustics of different environments.

0 Comments

Tue

03

Jun

2014

The Case for Reparations

 

The Case for Reparations

 

Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow. Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy. Until we reckon with our compounding moral debts, America will never be whole.

 

By Ta-Nehisi Coates

May 21, 2014

 


Chapters

  1. I. “So That’s Just One Of My Losses”
  2. II.  “A Difference of Kind, Not Degree”
  3. III. “We Inherit Our Ample Patrimony”
  4. IV. “The Ills That Slavery Frees Us From”
  5. V. The Quiet Plunder
  6. VI. Making The Second Ghetto
  7. VII. “A Lot Of People Fell By The Way”
  8. VIII. “Negro Poverty is not White Poverty”
  9. IX. Toward A New Country
  10. X. “There Will Be No ‘Reparations’ From Germany”
0 Comments

Mon

02

Jun

2014

A Look At 19th Century Children In The USA

PHILADELPHIA — DINNER with your children in 19th-century America often required some self-control. Berry stains in your daughter’s hair? Good for her. Raccoon bites running up your boy’s arms? Bet he had an interesting day.

 

As this year’s summer vacation begins, many parents contemplate how to rein in their kids. But there was a time when Americans pushed in the opposite direction, preserved in Mark Twain’s cat-swinging scamps. Parents back then encouraged kids to get some wildness out of their system, to express the republic’s revolutionary values.

The New York Times

Sunday Review

By JON GRINSPAN MAY 31, 2014

 

A late 19th century family taking a stroll down a set of railroad tracks
A late 19th century family taking a stroll down a set of railroad tracks

American children of the 19th century had a reputation. Returning British visitors reported on American kids who showed no respect, who swore and fought, who appeared — at age 10 — “calling for liquor at the bar, or puffing a cigar in the streets,” as one wrote. There were really no children in 19th-century America, travelers often claimed, only “small stuck-up caricatures of men and women.”

 

This was not a “carefree” nation, too rough-hewed to teach proper manners; adults deliberately chose to express new values by raising “go-ahead” boys and girls. The result mixed democracy and mob rule, assertiveness and cruelty, sudden freedom and strict boundaries. Visitors noted how American fathers would brag that their disobedient children were actually “young republicans,” liberated from old hierarchies. Children were still expected to be deferential to elders, but many were trained to embody their nation’s revolutionary virtues. “The theory of the equality” was present at the ballot box, according to one sympathetic Englishman, but “rampant in the nursery.”

 

Boys, in particular, spent their childhoods in a rowdy outdoor subculture. After age 5 or so they needed little attention from their mothers, but were not big enough to help their fathers work. So until age 10 or 12 they spent much of their time playing or fighting.

 

The writer William Dean Howells recalled his ordinary, violent Ohio childhood, immersed in his loose gang of pals, rarely catching a “glimpse of life much higher than the middle of a man.” Howells’s peers were “always stoning something,” whether friends, rivals or stray dogs. They left a trail of maimed animals behind them, often hurt in sloppy attempts to domesticate wild pets.

 

And though we envision innocents playing with a hoop and a stick, many preferred “mumbletypeg” — a game where two players competed to see who could throw a knife closer to his own foot. Stabbing yourself meant a win by default.

 

Left to their own devices, boys learned an assertive style that shaped their futures. The story of every 19th-century empire builder — Carnegie, Rockefeller, Vanderbilt — seems to begin with a striving 10-year-old. “Boy culture” offered training for the challenges of American manhood and a reprieve before a life of labor.

 

But these unsupervised boys also formed gangs that harassed the mentally ill, the handicapped and racial and ethnic minorities. Boys played an outsize role in the anti-Irish pogroms in 1840s Philadelphia, the brutal New York City draft riots targeting African-Americans during the Civil War and attacks on Chinese laborers in Gilded Age California. These children did not invent the bigotry rampant in white America, but their unrestrained upbringing let them enact what their parents mostly muttered.

 

Their sisters followed a different path. Girls were usually assigned more of their mothers’ tasks. An 8-year-old girl would be expected to help with the wash or other physically demanding tasks, while her brother might simply be too small, too slow or too annoying to drive the plow with his father. But despite their drudgery, 19th-century American girls still found time for tree climbing, bonfire building and waterfall-jumping antics. There were few pretty pink princesses in 19th-century America: Girls were too rowdy and too republican for that.

 

So how did we get from “democratic sucklings” to helicopter parents? Though many point to a rise of parental worrying after the 1970s, this was an incremental change in a movement that began a hundred years earlier.

 

In the last quarter of the 19th century, middle-class parents launched a self-conscious project to protect children. Urban professionals began to focus on children’s vulnerabilities. Well-to-do worriers no longer needed to raise tough dairymaids or cunning newsboys; the changing economy demanded careful managers of businesses or households, and restrained company men, capable of navigating big institutions.

 

Demographics played a role as well: By 1900 American women had half as many children as they did in 1800, and those children were twice as likely to live through infancy as they were in 1850. Ironically, as their children faced fewer dangers, parents worried more about their protection.

 

Instead of seeing boys and girls as capable, clever, knockabout scamps, many reconceived children as vulnerable, weak and naïve. Reformers introduced child labor laws, divided kids by age in school and monitored their play. Jane Addams particularly worked to fit children into the new industrial order, condemning “this stupid experiment of organizing work and failing to organize play.”

 

There was good reason to tame the boys and girls of the 19th century, if only for stray cats’ sake. But somewhere between Jane Addams and Nancy Grace, Americans lost track of their larger goal. Earlier parents raised their kids to express values their society trumpeted.

 

“Precocious” 19th-century troublemakers asserted their parents’ democratic beliefs and fit into an economy that had little use for 8-year-olds but idealized striving, self-made men. Reformers designed their Boy Scouts to meet the demands of the 20th century, teaching organization and rebalancing the relationship between play and work. Both movements agreed, in their didactic ways, that playtime shaped future citizens.

 

Does the overprotected child articulate values we are proud of in 2014? Nothing is easier than judging other peoples’ parenting, but there is a side of contemporary American culture — fearful, litigious, controlling — that we do not brag about but that we reveal in our child rearing, and that runs contrary to our self-image as an open, optimistic nation. Maybe this is why sheltering parents come in for so much easy criticism: A visit to the playground exposes traits we would rather not recognize.

 

There is, however, a saving grace that parents will notice this summer. Kids are harder to guide and shape, as William Dean Howells put it, “than grown people are apt to think.” It is as true today as it was two centuries ago: “Everywhere and always the world of boys is outside of the laws that govern grown-up communities.” Somehow, they’ll manage to go their own way.

 

________________________________

 

A National Endowment for the Humanities fellow at the Massachusetts Historical Society who is writing a book on the role of young people in 19th-century American democracy.

0 Comments

Mon

21

Apr

2014

Investigating Family's Wealth, China's Leader Signals a Change

From The New York Times 

By CHRISTOPHER DREW and JAD MOUAWAD

APRIL 19, 2014

 

HONG KONG — His son landed contracts to sell equipment to state oil fields and thousands of filling stations across China. His son’s mother-in-law held stakes in pipelines and natural gas pumps from Sichuan Province in the west to the southern isle of Hainan. And his sister-in-law, working from one of Beijing’s most prestigious office buildings, invested in mines, property and energy projects.

 

In thousands of pages of corporate documents describing these ventures, the name that never appears is his own: Zhou Yongkang, the formidable Chinese Communist Party leader who served as China’s top security official and the de facto boss of its oil industry.





A visitor at the Zhou family's ancestral graves in Xiqliantou, eastern China.  Intrigue surrounds the family after a spate of arrests.  Sim Chi Yim for the New York Times
A visitor at the Zhou family's ancestral graves in Xiqliantou, eastern China. Intrigue surrounds the family after a spate of arrests. Sim Chi Yim for the New York Times

But President Xi Jinping has targeted Mr. Zhou in an extraordinary corruption inquiry, a first for a Chinese party leader of Mr. Zhou’s rank, and put his family’s extensive business interests in the cross hairs.

 

Even by the cutthroat standards of Chinese politics, it is a bold maneuver. The finances of the families of senior leaders are among the deepest and most politically delicate secrets in China. The party has for years followed a tacit rule that relatives of the elite could prosper from the country’s economic opening, which rewarded loyalty and helped avert rifts in the leadership.

Zhou Family Ties

1 Comments

Fri

13

Nov

2015

Are Languages Products of their Environment?


shutterstock_222422665_151112


DISCOVER MAGAZINE published this very interesting article: 


  Languages Are Products of Their Environments


The characteristics that make each language unique may actually be adaptations to the acoustics of different environments.

0 Comments

Tue

03

Jun

2014

The Case for Reparations

 

The Case for Reparations

 

Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow. Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy. Until we reckon with our compounding moral debts, America will never be whole.

 

By Ta-Nehisi Coates

May 21, 2014

 


Chapters

  1. I. “So That’s Just One Of My Losses”
  2. II.  “A Difference of Kind, Not Degree”
  3. III. “We Inherit Our Ample Patrimony”
  4. IV. “The Ills That Slavery Frees Us From”
  5. V. The Quiet Plunder
  6. VI. Making The Second Ghetto
  7. VII. “A Lot Of People Fell By The Way”
  8. VIII. “Negro Poverty is not White Poverty”
  9. IX. Toward A New Country
  10. X. “There Will Be No ‘Reparations’ From Germany”
0 Comments

Mon

02

Jun

2014

A Look At 19th Century Children In The USA

PHILADELPHIA — DINNER with your children in 19th-century America often required some self-control. Berry stains in your daughter’s hair? Good for her. Raccoon bites running up your boy’s arms? Bet he had an interesting day.

 

As this year’s summer vacation begins, many parents contemplate how to rein in their kids. But there was a time when Americans pushed in the opposite direction, preserved in Mark Twain’s cat-swinging scamps. Parents back then encouraged kids to get some wildness out of their system, to express the republic’s revolutionary values.

The New York Times

Sunday Review

By JON GRINSPAN MAY 31, 2014

 

A late 19th century family taking a stroll down a set of railroad tracks
A late 19th century family taking a stroll down a set of railroad tracks

Read More 0 Comments

Mon

21

Apr

2014

Investigating Family's Wealth, China's Leader Signals a Change

From The New York Times 

By CHRISTOPHER DREW and JAD MOUAWAD

APRIL 19, 2014

 

HONG KONG — His son landed contracts to sell equipment to state oil fields and thousands of filling stations across China. His son’s mother-in-law held stakes in pipelines and natural gas pumps from Sichuan Province in the west to the southern isle of Hainan. And his sister-in-law, working from one of Beijing’s most prestigious office buildings, invested in mines, property and energy projects.

 

In thousands of pages of corporate documents describing these ventures, the name that never appears is his own: Zhou Yongkang, the formidable Chinese Communist Party leader who served as China’s top security official and the de facto boss of its oil industry.





A visitor at the Zhou family's ancestral graves in Xiqliantou, eastern China.  Intrigue surrounds the family after a spate of arrests.  Sim Chi Yim for the New York Times
A visitor at the Zhou family's ancestral graves in Xiqliantou, eastern China. Intrigue surrounds the family after a spate of arrests. Sim Chi Yim for the New York Times

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