Mon

08

Apr

2013

Simple Interest

Simple Interest Formulas and Calculations:

Formulas involving simple interest where P is the Principal amount of money to be invested at an Interest Rate r% per period for t Number of Time Periods. Where r is in decimal form; r and t are in the same units of time.

  • Calculate Interest
    • I = Prt
  • Calculate Principal Amount, solve for P
    • P = I / rt
  • Calculate rate of interest in decimal, solve for r
    • r = I / Pt
  • Calculate rate of interest in percent
    • R = r * 100
  • Calculate time, solve for t
    • t = I / Pr


Principal + Interest: A = P(1 + rt) 

0 Comments

Sat

30

Mar

2013

Riddles (with pictures)

The answer for each puzzle may be found by scrolling down from the bottom of the puzzle picture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The last person took the basket with the egg in it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All the other card players were women.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pour the juice from the second glass into the fifth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The recluse lived in a lighthouse. 


 


0 Comments

Mon

25

Mar

2013

Pollution in China


New York Times

 

As Pollution Worsens in China, Solutions Succumb to Infighting

 

Sim Chi Yin for The New York Times

Smog veiled the China Central Television Building in Beijing last week. Air pollution hit record levels in north China last month.

By EDWARD WONG
Published: March 21, 2013 17

 

BEIJING — China’s state leadership transition has taken place this month against an ominous backdrop. More than 16,000 dead pigshave been found floating in rivers that provide drinking water to Shanghai. A haze akin to volcanic fumes cloaked the capital, causing convulsive coughing and obscuring the portrait of Mao Zedong on the gate to the Forbidden City.So severe are China’s environmental woes, especially the noxious air, that top government officials have been forced to openly acknowledge them. Fu Ying, the spokeswoman for the National People’s Congress, said she checked for smog every morning after opening her curtains and kept at home face masks for her daughter and herself. Li Keqiang, the new prime minister, said the air pollution had made him “quite upset” and vowed to “show even greater resolve and make more vigorous efforts” to clean it up.

 

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Sun

24

Mar

2013

Current Thinking

From The New York Times  

By HEATHER ROGERS 

Published: June 3, 2007

 

When Mayor Michael Bloomberg recently announced his vision of development in New York City over the next 25 years, he highlighted a plan to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions by 30 percent. To anyone who has studied the history of power consumption in the United States, his proposal sounded a curious echo. New York, after all, was home to one of the country’s first central power stations, built by Thomas Edison in 1882. No individual deserves more credit, or blame, for America’s voracious electricity consumption than Edison, who conceived not only that generating station but also the notoriously inefficient incandescent bulb and a slew of volt-thirsty devices.

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Mon

18

Mar

2013

Uruguay’s “poor” president is a unique leader

David Suzuki Foundation

 

 

Photo Credit: Nicolás Eduardo Feredjian

From: David Suzuki <subscribers@davidsuzuki.org>
Date: Fri, Mar 8, 2013 at 8:51 AM
Subject: Science Matters: Uruguay’s “poor” president is a unique leader

 

When bright young idealists share their environmental concerns with me, I encourage them to get involved in politics. That’s where decisions have to be made about the severe ecological problems we face. 


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Sun

17

Mar

2013

URLS for YY

Currently (May 8, 2013) I have two YY groups

 

They are:

Learning Language Fun & Easy (YY Channel number 43468668)

Conversation (YY Channel number  95784170)

 

Also currently (May 8, 2013) these are individual YY numbers and nicknames:

Roger        YY:  189923249    ID

RogerUSA  YY:  176720895    ID

Martha       YY:  683816739    ID


Here are some ways for downloading YY:

English version:  

http://yydl.duowan.com/4/setup/YYSetup-5.8.0.0-en-US.exe


Chinese version and Learning Language Fun & Easy channel

http://yy.com/43468668/1720220663?from=376964376


Chinese version and Conversation Channel

http://yy.com/95784170/1720220663?from=376964376

 

Web & Chinese version Learning Language Fun and Easy channel:  

http://yy.com/43468668

 

Web & Chinese version Conversation channel:  

http://yy.com/95784170



 

 


0 Comments

Sat

16

Mar

2013

Note to possible attendees of Discussion group

Hi - I'm sending a note to a select group of people.  Some of you were in a similar group as the one I am inviting you to in the past.  Some of you were not, but I think each of you would be important and valuable contributors to the group. 

 

I've been working with some folks to set up a YY group (a verbal chat area which also has classes and other things going on.  It is brand new, but I think it has growth potential.

 

It is the ideal spot for a group such as I had a long time ago in which we read an article and discussed it.  In those days we were all younger, and we met everyday.  This group will only meet once a week, for a couple of hours.

 

Here is a description posted on a net bulletin board in the YY group:

The purpose of the group is stated here:  Mission Statement: The purpose of the group.


For further instructions, see:  A couple of rules. 


Sundays 8 to 10 PM Beijing time has been suggested as an optimal time. If you have other suggestions, please say so.

The first meeting is suggested to be March 24th 2013.

 

I am hoping that you will accept this invitation.  This is the address of the YY channel:  Short entry to YY  My channel:  Learning Language Fun & Easy 43468668.  Special Programs/classes  English Article Reading.  Please let me know as soon as you can.

 

Thanks    Roger

0 Comments

Sat

16

Mar

2013

On YY message board 2013 03 16

The purpose of the group is stated here:  Mission Statement: The purpose of the group.


For further instructions, see:  A couple of rules. 


Sundays 8 to 10 PM Beijing time has been suggested as an optimal time. If you have other suggestions, please say so.

The first meeting is suggested to be March 24th 2013.

0 Comments

Sat

16

Mar

2013

Procedures 1

1.  The articles will be stored in a data base of articles.  Ones read, the one to read for this meeting, and future articles to be read later will be stored together but may be found by dates and by article names. 

 

2.  The article will also be posted on the auditorium screen so people will not have to have a hard copy at hand when in the group.

 

3.  The group will be limited to 12 people.  So attendence is expected and indeed required.

 

4.  You are also required to have a working mic on the computer you are using while at this meeting.  Again that is a requirement.

 

5.  This is not an observation class - but rather a participation class.  So again, participation is required.

0 Comments

Sat

16

Mar

2013

Mission Statement: Learning Language

This is a small group, meeting together once a week for about 2 hours at a meeting.  Members will read a different article each meeting with an eye to improving their pronunciation of English words (the first hour) and with strong attention to a discussion of the meaning of the article (the second hour). 

0 Comments

Tue

12

Mar

2013

A Holy Horse. India

AP/dpa

 

A holy horse is showered in bright orange turmeric powder as an offering to the shepherd god Khandoba in India's Pune district. The celebration, called Somavati Amavasya, is a day of special significance to Hindus when the new moon falls on a Monday.

 

 

0 Comments

Tue

12

Mar

2013

Where has all the ice gone?

From  Tree Hugger        By Emily E. Adams           On March 8, 2013

 


 


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Tue

12

Mar

2013

China vows to ease students' burden

From       China Daily.com.cn

Updated: 2013-03-12 15:10

 

China vows to ease students' burden

BEIJING - A new national campaign will be launched in China to alleviate the heavyworkloads of students in the compulsory education system, the Ministry of Educationsaid Tuesday.

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Thu

07

Mar

2013

Punography

0 Comments

Wed

06

Mar

2013

Testing the Gifted

You should read Schools Struggle to Separate the Truly Gifted From the Merely Well-Prepared” (news article, Feb. 18) along with this letter from Howard Gardner, professor at Harvard Graduate School of Education.

 

What we test for signals what we ultimately desire. The use of tests for which 4-year-olds can be prepped signals that we want to find those youngsters who can do well on future tests. In that way, the process works perfectly — whether in China or in New York City.

 

If we desired people who were likely to make creative advances, we would look for youngsters — be they 4 or 14 — who have a passionate interest that they pursue without a lot of prodding. If we desired people who would help build a more civil and more generous society, we would look for 10- or 12-year-olds who have found a need in their school or community and have taken steps to help meet that need.

 

In the unlikely event that these skills could be coached, at least we would end up with adults who could not simply ace the next standardized test.

 

HOWARD GARDNER

Cambridge, Mass., Feb. 18, 2013

 

The writer is a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.

0 Comments

Wed

06

Mar

2013

New Car Doors

0 Comments

Mon

04

Mar

2013

Keeping an Eye on Online Test-Takers

From New York Times By ANNE EISENBERG   On Published: March 2, 2013


 

MILLIONS of students worldwide have signed up in the last year for MOOCs, short for massive open online courses — those free, Web-based classes available to one and all and taught by professors at Harvard, Duke, M.I.T. and other universities.

 

But when those students take the final exam in calculus or genetics, how will their professors know that the test-takers on their distant laptops are doing their own work, and not asking Mr. Google for help?

 

The issue of online cheating concerns many educators, particularly as more students take MOOCs for college credit, and not just for personal enrichment. Already, five classes from 

 

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Sun

03

Mar

2013

THE PRICE OF IVORY: From Elephants’ Mouths, an Illicit Trail to China

From The New York Times  By Dan Levin   Published: March 1, 2013 

 

China’s hunger for ivory carvings is growing despite evidence that many tusks are taken illegally

 

PUZHAI, China — Chinese investors have anointed it “white gold.” Carvers and collectors prefer the term “organic gemstone.” Smugglers, however, use a gruesomely straightforward name for the recently harvested African elephant tusks that find their way to this remote trading outpost on the Vietnamese border.

 

For more of this article press here


0 Comments

Sat

02

Mar

2013

Sent via e-mail - a variety of nice pictures

Read More 0 Comments

Sat

02

Mar

2013

From China - A Very Graceful and Flexible Dancer

0 Comments

Tue

03

Apr

2012

Myanmar leader praises elections as ‘successful’

KHIN MAUNG WIN/AP Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, center, arrives at the headquarters of her National League for Democracy party Monday, April 2, 2012, in Yangon, Myanmar. Suu Kyi said she hopes her victory in a landmark election will mark
KHIN MAUNG WIN/AP Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, center, arrives at the headquarters of her National League for Democracy party Monday, April 2, 2012, in Yangon, Myanmar. Suu Kyi said she hopes her victory in a landmark election will mark

PHNOM PENH, Cambodia — Myanmar's leader said Tuesday that elections won by democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi and her party were successful, issuing the first government endorsement of the historic polls.

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Thu

29

Mar

2012

Sandra Fluke, Nicolle Wallace, Chelsea Clinton And More Talk Women In Politics

Huffington Post Politics by brenna.cammeron@huffingtonpost.com

 

For Sandra Fluke, the Georgetown University law student who unwittingly stepped into the national spotlight when she argued the case for contraception coverage in front of Congress and was called a "slut" by Rush Limbaugh for her effort, the talk show host's slur wasn't only an insult. It was also an opportunity.

 

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Thu

29

Mar

2012

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

The ACLU is our nation's guardian of liberty, working daily in courts, legislatures and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties that the Constitution and laws of the United States guarantee everyone in this country.

 

These rights include:

Read More 1 Comments

Thu

29

Mar

2012

The Institute for Justice

Institute for Justice, The

The Institute for Justice is America's premier libertarian public interest law firm. IJ pursues cutting-edge litigation on behalf of individuals whose most basic rights are denied by the State-rights like economic liberty, private property rights, free speech, and equal protection of our laws. IJ sues the government when it stands in the way of people trying to earn an honest living, when it takes away individuals' property, when bureaucrats (not parents) control the education of children, when government stifles speech, and when public institutions classify individuals based on race.

0 Comments

Thu

29

Mar

2012

The Innocence Project

Innocence Project, The

The Innocence Project was founded in 1992 by Barry C. Scheck and Peter J. Neufeld at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law at Yeshiva University to assist prisoners who could be proven innocent through DNA testing. To date, 289 people in the United States have been exonerated by DNA testing, including 17 who served time on death row. These people served an average of 13 years in prison before exoneration and release.

0 Comments

Thu

29

Mar

2012

Equal Justice Initiative

Equal Justice Initiative

The Equal Justice Initiative is a private, nonprofit organization that provides legal representation to indigent defendants and prisoners who have been denied fair and just treatment in the legal system.

 

We litigate on behalf of condemned prisoners, juvenile offenders, people wrongly convicted or charged with violent crimes, poor people denied effective representation, and others whose trials are marked by racial bias or prosecutorial misconduct. EJI works with communities that have been marginalized by poverty and discouraged by unequal treatment.

1 Comments

Thu

29

Mar

2012

The Center for Constitutional Rights

Center for Constitutional Rights, The

The Center for Constitutional Rights is dedicated to advancing and protecting the rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Founded in 1966 by attorneys who represented civil rights movements in the South, CCR is a non-profit legal and educational organization committed to the creative use of law as a positive force for social change.

1 Comments

Thu

29

Mar

2012

The cabbie who is driving for liberty

From The Washington  By George F. Will Opinion Writer

 

Ali Bokhari, now 39, emigrated from Pakistan in 2000 and eventually settled here as a taxi driver. He soon experienced a quintessentially American itch, a nagging sense that “I cannot grow.” But he had an idea: “I can build a better business model for something Nashville has been missing.” He built it and now knows that no good deed goes unpunished by today’s political model — collusion between entrenched businesses and compliant government.

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Tue

27

Mar

2012

Equal Justice Initiative: Plea Bargaining Process

(From Equal Justice Initiative)

 

U.S. SUPREME COURT FINDS THAT RIGHT TO COUNSEL APPLIES TO THE PLEA-BARGAINING PROCESS

On March 21, 2012, the United States Supreme Court held in two cases, Missouri v. Frye and Lafler v. Cooper, that trial lawyers may be found ineffective in violation of the Sixth Amendment where the lawyer's performance in the plea-bargaining process causes the defendant to forgo a plea agreement that would have resulted in a lesser sentence.

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Tue

27

Mar

2012

Patience Abbe, best-selling child author, dies at 87

The Washington Post

Patience Abbe was only 11 when the memoir she wrote with her two brothers, “Around the World in Eleven Years,” climbed onto the bestseller lists for grown-ups in 1936.

 

As the siblings recounted their nomadic childhood in Europe and subsequent move to America, their exuberance and unaffected observations charmed readers. Patience observed that a woman with children could always get a seat on a Paris bus “no matter how first the others were.”

 

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Tue

27

Mar

2012

Regulators Urge 'Do Not Track' Policy For Web Users

The Federal Trade Commission on Monday called on Congress to shed light on the opaque world of data brokers who collect and sell consumer data but remain largely invisible to the public.
The Federal Trade Commission on Monday called on Congress to shed light on the opaque world of data brokers who collect and sell consumer data but remain largely invisible to the public.

 

HuffPost Technology dailybrief@huffingtonpost.com

In a report released Monday, the FTC called for legislation to give consumers access to personal data held by brokers and allow them to correct any inaccurate information. The commission also suggested a website where brokers could identify themselves to consumers and describe how they collect and disclose information.

Read More 1 Comments

Fri

23

Mar

2012

Gene Sharp (Bibliography)

Gene Sharp
Albert Einstein Institution

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

Books in English

1999 hardback Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics. Indian edition with a new Introduction by Dr. Federico Mayor. Original Introduction by Coretta Scott King. pp. 357. New Delhi: Gandhi Media Centre. (See 1979 edition below.)

1997 hardback Nonviolent Action: A Research Guide. Second editor with Ronald McCarthy. pp. 720. New York: Garland Publishers.

1990
hardback Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System. With the assistance of Bruce Jenkins. 165 pp. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

1986
hardback Resistance, Politics, and the American Struggle for Independence, 1765-1775. Co-editor with Walter Conser, Jr., Ronald M. McCarthy, and David J. Toscano. 592 pp. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

1985
paperback Making Europe Unconquerable: The Potential of Civilian-based Deterrence and Defense. 252 pp. London: Taylor & Francis. Second Edition (190pp.) with a Foreword by George F. Kennan. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1986.

1985
paperback National Security Through Civilian-based Defense. 93 pp. Omaha: Association for Transarmament Studies.

1980
hardback and paperback Social Power and Political Freedom. 456 pp. Introduction by Senator Mark O. Hatfield. Boston: Porter Sargent.

1979
hardback and paperback Gandhi as a Political Strategist, with Essays on Ethics and Politics. 356 pp. Introduction by Coretta Scott King. Boston: Porter Sargent.

1973
hardback and paperback The Politics of Nonviolent Action. 902 pp. Introduction by Thomas C. Schelling. Prepared under the auspices of Harvard University's Center for International Affairs. Boston: Porter Sargent. 1974 paperback edition in 3 vols.: I, Power and Struggle. 114 pp.; II, The Methods of Nonviolent Action. 348 pp.; III, Dynamics of Nonviolent Action. 466 pp. Boston: Porter Sargent.

1970
hardback and paperback Exploring Nonviolent Alternatives. 161 pp. Introduction by David Riesman. Boston: Porter Sargent.

1967
hardback Civilian Defense: An Introduction. Co-editor with Adam Roberts and T.K. Mahadevan. 265 pp. Introductory statement by President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Bombay: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, and New Delhi: Gandhi Peace Foundation.

1960
hardback and paperback Gandhi Wields the Weapon of Moral Power: Three Case Histories. 316 pp. Foreword by Albert Einstein. Introduction by Bharatan Kumarappa. Ahmedabad: Navajivan Publishing House.

Books/booklets in production

2000 The Power and Practice of Nonviolent Struggle. (In preparation.)

2000
Mon
(Burma) Transliteration forthcoming. (translation of From Dictatorship to Democracy: A conceptual framework for liberation) (in press).

2000
Kachin
Jing-paw (Burma) Transliteration forthcoming. (translation of From Dictatorship to Democracy: A conceptual framework for liberation) (in press).

2000
Chin
(Burma) Gumshem Magam Lai Kaw Nna Dimokresi Lai De (translation of From Dictatorship to Democracy: A conceptual framework for liberation) (in press).


Books in translation

2000
Tibetan TseWa Spangs Pai 'Thab Rtsod Kyi Nus Shugs Dang Nyamslen. (translation of The Power and Practice of Nonviolent Political Struggle) New Delhi, India: Tibetan Parliamentary and Policy Research Centre. Publisher's Note by the Venerable Samdhong Rinpoche. Foreword by The Dalai Lama.

1995
Tamil No transliteration available. (Translation of The Politics of Nonviolent Action) 1035pp. Madurai: Vanguard Press.

1995
Korean No transliteration available. (Translation of Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System) 255pp. Seoul: Korea University Press.

1995
French
La Guerre Civilisée: Defense par Actions Civilies. 192pp. (Translation of Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System) Grenoble: Presses Universitaires de Grenoble.

1995
Latvian Sabiedrisk Aizsardziba. 200pp. (Translation of Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System) Riga: Junda Publishers.

1994
Chinese
(Mandarin) No transliteration available. 242pp. (Translation of Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System) Taipei: Avant Guard Publishing Co.

1994
Estonian Elanikele Toetur Kaitse. 107pp. (Translation of Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System) Tallinn: Infomare.

1993
Hebrew
paperback Hagana Leumit Ezrakhit: Tzurat HaLekhima HaAtidit 165 pp. (Translation of Civilian-Based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System) Zikhron Ya'Akov: Israeli Institute for Military Studies.

1992
Lithuanian
paperback Pilietine Gynyba: Nekarine Ginklu Sistema. 161 pp. (Translation of Civilian-based Defense: A Post-Military Weapons System.) Vilnius: Mintis Publishers.

1989
Italian
paperback Verso un'Europa Inconquistabile. (Translation of Making Europe Unconquerable.) 190 pp. Introduction by Gianfranco Pasquino. Translated by Silvia Cortesi and Matteo Luccio. Turin: Edizioni Gruppo Abele.

1988
Dutch
paperback Naar een onveroverbaar Europa: De kracht van civiele afschrikking en sociale verdediging. (Translation of Making Europe Unconquerable.) 216 pp. Translated by Peter Kruijt, Wim Robben and Mark Hierman. Antwerp: International Vredesinformatiedienst.

1986
Thai
paperback Amnart Lae Yoothavitee Rai Kwarm Roon-raeng [Power and nonviolent strategy]. (Based on the manuscript "Power, Struggle and Defense.") 402 pp. Introduction by Sulak Sivaraksa. Translated by Chaiwat Satha-Anand and Komson Hoota-paet. Bangkok: Krong Karn Nang Sue Sasna Sanivitee, for the Coordinating Group Religion in Society, and the Komong Keemthong Foundation.

1985-97
Italian
hardback Politica dell'azione nonviolenta. (Translation of The Politics of Nonviolent Action). 3 vols.: I, Potere e lotta [Power and struggle]. 164 pp. Translated by Enrico Benucci, Manuel Vignali and Alberto Zangheri. Turin: Edizione Gruppo Abele, 1985; II, Le tecniche [The methods]. 338 pp. Translated by Alberto Zangheri. Turin: Edizione Gruppo Abele, 1986; III, La Dinamica [The Dynamics]. pp. 315. Translated by Alberto Zangheri. Turin: Edizione Gruppo Abele, 1997.

1985
Arabic
paperback Almuqawama Bila Ounf [Nonviolent resistance]. (Based on the manuscript "Power, Struggle and Defense.") 377 pp. Introductions by Daniel Amit and Jonathan Kuttab. East Jerusalem: Palestinian Center for the Study of Nonviolence. Reprinted in 1989 and 1991.

1985
Hebrew paperback Hitnagdut Lo Alima [Nonviolent resistance]. (Based on the manuscript "Power, Struggle and Defense.") 256 pp. Introductions by Daniel Amit and Jonathan Kuttab. Jerusalem: Mifras House.

1983
Portugese
paperback Poder, luta, e defesa: Teoria e prática ação não-violenta [Power, struggle, and defense: Theory and practice of nonviolent action]. (Based on the manuscript "Power, Struggle and Defense.") 270 pp. Introduction by Paulo Evaristo Cardinal Arns. Translated by Getúillo Bertelli. São Paulo: Edições Paulinas. (Out of print.)

1982
Dutch
paperback Macht en strijd: Theorie en praktijk van geweldloze actie [Power and struggle: Theory and practice of nonviolent action]. (Excerpts from The Politics of Nonviolent Action.) 235 pp. Introduction by Professor Peter Kooijmans. Translated by Jenny de Graaf. Utrecht and Antwerp: Het Spectrum.

1972
Japanese hardback and paperback Buki naki minshu no teiko: Sono senryakuron-teki apuroch [Mass resistance without weapons: Its military-strategic approach]. (Translation of Exploring Nonviolent Alternatives.) 262 pp. Translated by Komatsu Shigeo. Tokyo: Renga Shobo.

Booklets/pamphlets (in English and translations)

1999
Karen
(Burma) Transliteration forthcoming. (translation of From Dictatorship to Democracy: A conceptual framework for liberation).

1999 Spanish (Cuba) "La Relavancia de Gandhi en el Mundo Moderno." (Translation of "The Relevance of Gandhi in the Modern World.") pp. 33. Miami: Cuban Revolutionary Democratic Directorate (Directorio Revolucionario Democratico Cubano) and Centro de Estudios para una Opción Nacional (CEON).

1998
Spanish
(Cuba) "El Rol Del Poder En La Lucha Noviolenta." (Translation of "The Role of Power in Nonviolent Struggle." 19 pp. Monograph Series No. 3, Cambridge, MA: The Albert Einstein Institution.) 16 pp. Miami: Cuban Revolutionary Democratic Directorate (Directorio Revolucionario Democratico Cubano).

1998
Spanish
(Cuba) De La Dictadura A La Democracia (Translation of From Dictatorship to Democracy: A conceptual framework for liberation) 76 pp. Miami: Brothers to the Rescue (Hermanos Al Rescate).

1997 & 1998
Spanish
(Cuba) "La Lucha Politica Noviolenta: Su Poder y su Prática." [Translation]. Condensation of The Politics of Nonviolent Action Revised and expanded edition and new translation. 85 pp. Miami: Brothers to the Rescue (Hermanos Al Rescate).

1997
Indonesian
Menuju Demokrasi Tanpa Kekerasan (Toward Democracy Without Violence, the title of the Indonesian edition of From Dictatorship to Democracy) Introductions by Abdurrahman Wahid and Prof. Dr. Franz Magnis Suseno, SJ. 108 pp. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan Publishers.

1995
Macedonian No transliteration available 85 pp. (Translation of "Self-Reliant Defense Without Bankruptcy or War.") Skopje: Union Trade (with financial support of the Open Society Institute, Skopje)

1994
"Defense against Coups d'État", in Human Rights and Coups D'État (with essays "Coups d'État in 1992-1993", by Bruce Jenkins and "Coups d'État as Threats to Human Rights", by Charles Norchi) Occasional Paper #2, New York: International League for Human Rights

1994
Burmese No transliteration available. 88pp. (Translation of From Dictatorship to Democracy: A conceptual framework for liberation) Bangkok: Khit Pyaing (New Era Journal). (Reprinted 1996, 1997)


1993
paperback From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation, 79 pp. Bangkok: The Committee for the Restoration of Democracy in Burma.

1993 "Defense Without War: The Status of Civilian-Based Defense in the World Today" 14 pp. Occasional Paper No. 6. Honolulu, Matsunaga Institute for Peace, University of Hawai'i.

1993
Estonian "Soltumatu Kaitsepoliitika: ilma pankroti ja sõjata" 108 pp. (Translation of "Self-reliant Defense Without Bankruptcy or War") Tallinn: Informare.

1993
Thai "No transliteration available." [Against the Coup: Fundamentals of an Effective Defense,] 48 pp. Bangkok, Komong Keemthong Foundation.

1992 "Self-Reliant Defense Without Bankruptcy or War." With the assistance of Bruce Jenkins. 72 pp. Cambridge, MA: The Albert Einstein Institution. Expanded version of original paper under same title printed by Center for International Studies, University of Missouri-St. Louis, Occasional Paper No. 9203, February 1992.

1992
Latvian "Patstaviga Aizsardziba - Alternativa Saimnieciskaiam Postam Un Karam." (Translation of "Self-Reliant Defense Without Bankruptcy or War.) Riga: Ministry of Defense.

1992
Lithuanian "Savarankiska Gynyba Be Bankroto ir Karo." 80 pp. (Translation of "Self-reliant Defense Without Bankruptcy or War.) Vilnius: Mintis Publishers.

1991
French "L'Abolition de la Guerre un But Réaliste." 35 pp. Translation of "Making the Abolition of War a Realistic Goal.) Cahiers de la non-violence no. 4, Montreal: Le Centre de Ressources sur la non-violence.

1990 "The Role of Power in Nonviolent Struggle." 19pp. Monograph Series No. 3, Cambridge, MA: The Albert Einstein Institution.

1990
Arabic "Al-Intifada wa al-Nidal Bila 'Anf." (Translation of "The Intifada and Nonviolent Struggle.") 19 pp. Jerusalem: Palestinian Center for the Study of Nonviolence. Reprinted in 1991.

1989
Burmese "Arnar Nint Naing-gun-ye Eí Gaw-da" (Translation of "The Role of Power in Nonviolent Struggle.") 23 pp. Fairfax, VA: Foundation for Democracy in Burma. Reprinted in 1992 and in 1993.

1989
Dutch "Progressieve politiek en geweldloze politieke techniek." (Translation of "The Problem of Political Technique in Radical Politics," in Social Power and Political Freedom.) 22 pp. Zwolle: Stichting Voorlichting Aktieve Geweldloosheid.

1988 Spanish "La Lucha Politica: Criterios y Métodos." Condensation of The Politics of Nonviolent Action ) 114pp. Santiago: Ediciones ChileAmérica CESOC. (2nd Edition, April, 1988).

1988
Dutch "Een einde maken aan onderdrukking: Strategiese problemen van de verzetsbetweging in Zuid-Afrika." (Translation of "What is Required to Uproot Oppression? Strategic Problems of the South African Resistance," in Social Power and Political Freedom.) 31 pp. Zwolle: Stichting Voorlichting Aktieve Geweldloosheid.

1988
Arabic "Kitah Al-La'Anf: Waseeleh Taaley Lilamel Al-Syassi." (Translation of "Nonviolent Struggle: An Efficient Technique of Political Action. An Interview with Gene Sharp" by Afif Safieh.) 31 pp. Jerusalem: Palestinian Center for the Study of Nonviolence.

1988 "Nonviolent Struggle: An Efficient Technique of Political Action -- An Interview with Gene Sharp." 47 pp. Jerusalem: Palestinian Center for the Study of Nonviolence.

1987
Spanish "La Lucha Politica Noviolenta: Criterios y Técnicas." Condensation of The Politics of Nonviolent Action by Jaime Gonzalez Bernal. 78 pp. Mexico: private printings.

1987
Dutch "Afschaffing van oorlog een realisties doel." (Translation of "Making the Abolition of War a Realistic Goal.") 55 pp. Zwolle: Stichting Aktieve Geweldloosheid.

1984
Polish "Walka Bez Uzycia Przemocy." (Excerpts from Chapter 1 of The Politics of Nonviolent Action.) 21 pp. Gdansk: (clandestine Solidarity publisher). Reprinted in 1986, Warsaw: Ad Sum (clandestine publisher). Also printed in the journal "ANEKS", (London), Issue 34, Autumn 1984, pp. 53-71.

1982
Dutch "Sociale verdediging: Afschrikking en verdediging door burgers." [Civilian-based defense: deterrence and defense by citizens.] 55 pp. Introduction by Professor J.S. van Hessen. Monographie no. 1, Winter 81/82. 's-Gravenhage: Stichting Maatschappij en Krijgsmacht.

1981 "Making the Abolition of War a Realistic Goal." 16 pp. New York: Institute for World Order, 1981. Reissued in 1983 and in 1985 by the World Policy Institute. Reprinted by the Association for Transarmanent (Aotearoa), Dunedin, New Zealand, 1986. Reprinted by The Albert Einstein Institution, Cambridge, MA, in 1992.

1980
Norwegian "Tyranniet Kunne Ikkje Knusa Dei." (Translation of "Tyranny Could Not Quell Them.") 42 pp. FMKs fredspolitiske skriftserie no. 3. Oslo: Folkereisning mot krig.

1965 "The Political Equivalent of War -- Civilian Defence." International Conciliation. 67 pp. Whole issue, no. 555, November 1965. New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

1964 "Civilian Defence." Co-editor with Adam Roberts, Jerome Frank, and Arne Næss. 70 pp. Forward by the Honorable Alastair Buchan. London: Peace News.

1961 "Gandhi Faces the Storm." 71 pp. Ahmedabad: Navajivan Publishing House.

1958 "Tyranny Could Not Quell Them." London: Peace News.


Chapters (in English and translations)

1999 "What Are the Options for Action for Believers in Principled Nonviolence?" in Jampa Samten and Losang Norbu Shastri, eds.,Professor Samdhong Rinpoche Felicitation Volume. Varanasi, India: Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies.

1998 "Nonviolent Action in Acute Interethnic Conflicts" in the Abraham Fund's Handbook of Interethnic Coexistence. New York: The Abraham Fund & Continuum Publishing Group, pp. 369-381.

1995 "The Power Potential of Nonviolent Struggle" with Bruce Jenkins in Nonviolence and Tolerance in Changing Eastern and Central Europe. Vilnius, LOGOS. [Reprinted in Journal of Peace and Gandhian Studies (July-December, 1996), pp. 19-26, vol. I, no. 4 & vol. 2, no. 1, New Delhi: Gandhi Media Centre.]

1993
Russian No transliteration available of chapter, book title, nor publisher name (transliterations forthcoming) [The role of power in nonviolent struggle]. Moscow, 1993

1992
Russian "Istoricheskaya Znachimost Narastaniya Nyenasilstvyennoi Barbi u Kontsye XX Vyeka" [The historical significance of the growth of nonviolent struggle in the late 20th century], in XX Vyek: Osnovnieh Problemi i Tendentsii Mezhdunarodnikh Otnoshenii[Twentieth century: fundamental problems and tendencies of international relations], papers from an international conference 21-23 November 1989, Moscow, sponsored by the Institute of History, Russian Academy of Sciences.

1992 "Nonviolent Struggle: An Effective Alternative," in Kenneth Kraft, ed., Inner Peace, World Peace: Essays on Buddhism and Nonviolence. Albany: State University of New York Press, pp. 111-125.

1992 "Nonviolent Struggle Today," in Graeme MacQueen, ed., Unarmed Forces--Nonviolent Action in Central America and the Middle East. Toronto: Science for Peace/Samuel Stevens (Canadian Papers in Peace Studies, No. 1), pp. 1-19.

1991 "Transitions to Civilian-based Defense," in Brian Martin, et alNonviolent Struggle and Social Defence. London: War Resisters' International and the Myrtle Solomon Memorial Fund Subcommittee, pp. 15-20. Reprinted in Church & Society (March/April 1991), pp. 17-23 and in Civilian-Based Defense: News and Opinion, vol.7, no. 1, May/July 1990, pp. 6-9.

1990
Hebrew "Israel mul Haintifada: Chalufott Mediniyott Vehashlachoteihen" [Israel vs. intifada: policy options and their consequences], in Reuven Gal, ed., I Hashvieet: Hashpaott Haintifada al Hachevra BeIsrael [The seventh war: The effects of the intifada on the Israeli society.] Tel-Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad Publishing House, pp. 38-43.

1990
Spanish "En torno a la definición de seguridad nacional" [Toward a Definition of National Security], in Sergio Aguayo Quezada and Bruce Michael Bagely, eds., En busca de la seguridad perdida: aproximaciones a la seguridad nacional mexicana. [In search of the lost security: assessments of Mexican national security.] Mexico City: Siglo Vientiuno Editores, pp. 91-96.

1990 "The Role of Power in Nonviolent Political Struggle," (Appendix A) in Ralph Crow, Philip Grant and Saad E. Ibrahim, eds., Arab Nonviolent Political Struggle in the Middle East. Boulder: Lynne Reinner Publishers, pp. 91-106.

1989
Italian "Difendersi senza armi: Le richere del programma di Harvard sulle sanzioni nonviolente," in Alberto L'Abate, ed., Richerche per la pace: educazione e alternative all difesa armata. Bologna: Nuova Universale Cappelli, pp. 125-143.

1989
Norwegian "En Sivil Komponent i Totalforsvarspolitikken?" [A civil component in a total defense policy?] in Kompletterende Forsvarsformer: En Konferanserapport [Complementary forms of defense: a conference report.] Oslo: Den Norske Atlanterhavskomité, 1989. pp. 13-25.

1988
Arabic "Dowr Al-Quwwa Fi Al-Kifah Al-La Onf," [The role of power in nonviolent struggle] in Saad Eddin Ibrahim, ed., Al-Muqawama Al Hadanieh Fi Al-Nidal Al-Siyyas. [Civilian resistance in political struggle.] Amman: Arab Thought Forum, pp. 9-26.

1987 "Civilian-based Defense: A New Deterrence and Defense Policy," in Yoshikazu Sakamoto, ed., Strategic Doctrines and Their Alternatives. New York, London, etc.: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, pp. 227-262.

1987 "Making the Abolition of War a Realistic Goal," in Wesley Cragg, ed., Contemporary Moral Issues, 2d edition. Toronto etc.: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd, pp. 539-549.

1987
French "Deux formes de dissuasion par défense à base civile," [Two forms of dissuasion by civilian-based defense] in Les stratégies civiles de défense. St. Etienne: Alternatives Non Violentes (special issue), pp. 47-66. (Paper presented at Strasbourg conference, November 27-29, 1985)

1986 Excerpts from The Politics of Nonviolent Action, in Duane Friesen, ed., Christian Peacemaking and International Conflict. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press.

1985 "Civilian-based Defense Policy," in Melvin Small and J. David Singer, eds., International War: An Anthology. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press, pp. 291-304. (Excerpt from "The Political Equivalent of War -- Civilian Defense.")

1984 "Conflict Without Violence," in Fallon Evans, ed., Human Values in the Nuclear Age. Los Angeles: Immaculate Heart College, pp. 97-106.

1983 "Investigating New Options in Conflict and Defense," in Douglas Sloan, ed., Education for Peace and Disarmament: Toward a Living World. New York and London: Teachers College Press, pp. 50-64. (Reprinted from the journal Teachers College Record.)

1983 "The Need for a Substitute for War," with "81 Cases of Non-violent Action," and "Definition of a Few Key Terms," in Dimitrios Roussopoulos, ed., Our Generation Against Nuclear War. Montreal: Black Rose Books, pp. 279-296.

1982 "Civilian-based Defense," in UNESCO Yearbook on Peace and Conflict Studies. Westport: Greenwood Press, pp. 75-78.

1982 "Making the Abolition of War a Realistic Goal," in Carolyn Stephenson, ed., Alternative Methods for International Security. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, pp. 127-140.

1979
Dutch "Sociale verdediging: Optie voor West Europa," [Civilian-based defense: option for Western Europe, reprinted from Jason-magazine] and "Het politieke equivalent van oorlog: Sociale verdediging," (From "The Political Equivalent of War --Civilian Defense") in Hylke Tromp, ed., Sociale Verdediging. Groningen: Xeno, and Antwerp: Pax Christi, pp. 27-52; 87-110.

1979 "The Significance of Domestic Nonviolent Action as a Substitute for International War," in Severyn T. Bruyn and Paula M. Rayman, eds., Nonviolent Action and Social Change. New York: Irvington, pp. 233-253.

1977 "Methods of Inducing Change: Social Intervention," in Fred M. Cox, John L. Erlich, Jack Rothman, and John E. Tropman, eds.,Tactics and Techniques of Community Practice. Itasca: F.E. Peacock Publishers, pp. 186-193. Reprinted in 1982.

1976
Swedish "Metoder för ickevåldsagerande," in Adam Roberts, Civlimotståndets teknik. Stockholm: Centralförbundet Folk och Försvar, pp. 35-39. (Excerpted list of methods from The Politics of Nonviolent Action.)

1975 "Civil Disobedience in a Democracy," in J.S. Mathur and P.C. Sharma, eds., Facets of Gandhian Thought. Ahmedabad: Navajivan Publishing House, pp. 38-56.

1974 "An Examination of the Significance of Domestic Nonviolent Action for Development of a Substitute for International War," in Joseph Ben-Dak, ed., The Future of Collective Violence: Societal and International Perspectives. Lund, Sweden: Studentlitteratur, pp. 165-181. (Paper presented to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, December 1972.)

1974
Danish "Ikkevoldskampens teknik," (From "The Technique of Non-violent Action") and "Nationalt forsvar uden våben," (From National Defense Without Armaments") in Jens Throft, ed., Ikkevold: Strategi i klassekampen. Copenhagen: Aldrig Mere Krig, pp. 18-35 and 35-55.

1973 "National Defense Without Armaments," in Charles R. Beitz and Theodore Herman, eds., Peace and War. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman & Co, pp. 349-367. Reprint.

1971 "Mechanisms of Change in Nonviolent Action," in Harvey A. Hornstein, Barbara Benedict, Warner Burke, Marian Hornstein, and Roy Lewicki, eds., Social Intervention: A Behavoral Science Analysis. New York: Free Press, pp. 546-557.

1971 "The Technique of Nonviolent Action," in Joan V. Bondurant, ed., Conflict: Violence and Nonviolence. Chicago and New York: Aldine-Atherton Press, pp. 151-171. Reprint.

1970 "National Defense Without Armaments," in War/Peace Report, vol. 10, no. 4, (April), pp.3-10.

1969
Swedish "Icke-våldets teknik," in Adam Roberts, ed., Civilmotståndets Strategi: Historiska exempel och aktuella tillämpningar. Stockholm: Bokforlaget Aldus/Bonniers, pp. 31-57. (Translation of "The Technique of Nonviolent Action.")

1969
Finnish "Vakivallattoman toiminnan yhteiskunta," [The social essence of nonviolent action] and "Eräiden avainsanojen määritelmät," [Definition of a few key terms] in Pentti Laine, ed., Siviilivastarinta [Civilian resistance]. Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtio Tammi, pp. 24-44; 124-129.

1969
Norwegian "Ikkevoldelig motstandsteknikk" in Adam Roberts, ed., Hele folket i forsvar [The whole people in defense]. Oslo: Pax Forlag, pp. 17-28. (Translation of "The Technique of Nonviolent Action.")

1969 "Research Areas on the Nature, Problems and Potentialities of Civilian Defense," in S.C. Biswas, ed., Gandhi: Theory and Practice, Social Impact and Contemporary Relevance: Proceedings of a Conference. Simla: Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, pp. 393-413.

1969 "The Technique of Nonviolent Action," in Adam Roberts, ed., Civilian Resistance as a National Defense. Harmondsworth, England, and Baltimore: Penguin Books, pp. 107-127. Reprinted from the 1967 English edition The Strategy of Civilian Defence: Nonviolent Resistance Against Aggression. London: Faber & Faber, pp. 87-105; and the 1968 U.S. edition Civilian Resistance as a National Defense: Nonviolent Action Against Aggression. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, pp. 87-105.

1968 "Types of Principled Nonviolence," in A. Paul Hare and Herbert H. Blumberg, eds., Nonviolent Direct Action: American Cases: Social Psychological Analyses. Washington, D.C.: Corpus Books, pp. 273-313.

1968 "Control of Political Power and Conduct of Open Struggle," in Mark E. Smith, III, and Claude J. Johns, Jr., eds., American Defense Policy. 2d edition, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, pp. 526-537. (Excerpt from "The Political Equivalent of War -- Civilian Defense.")

1968
German "Das politische Äquivalent des Krieges -- die gewaltlose Aktion," in Ekkehart Krippendorf, ed., Friedensforschung. Neue Wissenschaftliche Bibliothek, vol. 29, Soziologie, Cologne and Berlin: Kiepenhauer & Witsch, pp. 477-513. (Translation of "The Political Equivalent of War -- Civilian Defense.")

1967 "India's Dilemma: The Conflicting Demands of Peace and Defence," "Gandhi's Defense Policy," "Resisting Totalitarianism Without War," "Deterrence and Liberation by Civilian Defence," and three appendices, in T. K. Mahadevan, Adam Roberts, Gene Sharp,Civilian Defence: An Introduction. Bombay: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, and New Dehli: Gandhi Peace Foundation, pp. 3-14; 15-52; 53-61; 117-134.

1967 "A Study of the Meanings of Nonviolence," and "Gandhi's Political Significance Today," in G. Ramachandran and T.K. Mahadevan, Gandhi: His Relevance for our Times. Revised edition, New Delhi: Gandhi Peace Foundation, and Bombay: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, pp. 21-66; 137-157. Reprinted in 1971 edition published by World Without War Council (Berkeley).

1967 "Social Power and Political Freedom," in K.P. Misra and Rajendra Avasthi, eds., Politics of Persuasion: Essays Written in Memory of Dr. G.N. Dhawan. Bombay: Manaktalas, pp. 58-86.

1966
Danish "Krigens politiske modstykke -- Civilt forsvar," in Hagbard Jonassen, ed., Aldrig mere krig [Never more war]. Copenhagen: Borgen Forlag, pp. 89-147. (Translation of "The Political Equivalent of War -- Civilian Defense.")

1965
Danish "Afskraekkelse og frigörelse ved civilt forsvar," in Adam Roberts, Jerome Frank Arne Næss, Gene Sharp, Modstand - uden vold. Copenhagen: Borgen Forlag, pp. 62-82. (Translation of "Deterrence and Liberation by Civilian Defence.")

1964 "Deterrence and Liberation by Civilian Defence," and three appendices in Adam Roberts, Jerome Frank, Arne Næss, and Gene Sharp, Civilian Defence. London: Peace News, pp. 44-70.

1964 "Gandhi's Political Significance Today,"in G. Ramachandran and T.K. Mahadevan, eds., Gandhi: His Relevance for our Times. Bombay: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, pp. 44-66.

1963 "Facing Totalitarianism Without War," in Ted Dunn, ed., Alternatives to War and Violence. London: James Clarke, pp. 135-148.

1963 "The Need of a Substitute for War," in Margaret Penrose, ed., Pathogenesis of War. London: H.K. Lewis, pp. 76-84.

1963 "Tyranny Could Not Quell Them," in Mulford Q. Sibley, ed., The Quiet Battle: Writings on the Theory and Practice of Nonviolent Resistance. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books,
Doubleday & Co, pp. 170-186. (Excerpted from pamphlet edition, London: Peace News, 1957.)

Encyclopedia articles

2000 (forthcoming)
"Nonviolent Action and the Media" in Donald Johnston (ed.), The Encyclopedia of International Media and Communication, San Diego: Academic Press.
"Nonviolent Action" in Lester Kurtz (ed.),The Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, Vol. 2, San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 567-574.

1997 "Civilian-based Defense," "Coups d'état," and "Transarmament" in Roger Powers and William Vogele (eds.), Protest, Power, and Change: An Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action from ACT-UP to Women's Suffrage, New York: Garland Publishers, pp. 101-104, 131-133, 534-535, respectively.

1995 "Civil Disobedience" in Collier's Encyclopedia, New York: P.F. Collier.

1993 "Civil Disobedience" and "Nonviolent Action," entries in Joel Krieger, et al, eds., The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World. New York and London: Oxford University Press, pp. 139-140 and 647-650, respectively. (New edition in press.)

1986 "Civilian-Based Defense," in World Encyclopedia of Peace, Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Articles (in English and translations)

1996 "The Power Potential of Nonviolent Struggle" with Bruce Jenkins in Journal of Peace and
Gandhian Studies
, New Delhi, Gandhi Media Centre. (Originally appeared in Nonviolence and Tolerance in Changing Eastern and Central Europe. Vilnius, LOGOS, 1995. See chapters above.)

1996 "Beyond Just War and Pacifism: Nonviolent Struggle towards Justice, Freedom and Peace," in the World Council of Churches'Ecumenical Review (Geneva), Vol. 48, No. 2, April, pp. 233-250.

1996 French(Haitian) L'Opposition a un Coup D'État," [Against the coup d'état]. Haiti en Marche, (Miami/Port-au-Prince) Mecredi, 28 August 1996 (Vol. X No. 29), p. 1.

1994
Italian "La Via Della Non-Violenza" (Italian translation of "Nonviolent Struggle: A Means Towards Justice, Freedom and Peace", presented in Rome, Union of Superiors' General, Catholic Church, Public Education Day, January 19, 1994) Il Regno (Bologna), July 15, 1994, p. 435-445.

1994 "To Stop Dictators, Present and Future." The International Herald Tribune (Paris), May 28-29, 1994, p. 6.

1994
English "From Dictatorship to Democracy" [Serialized in ten chapters in the English language section of this Burmese language newspaper, February - November, 1994] - Bangkok: Khit Pyaing (New Era).

1993 Thai "Buddhist Nonviolence and Strategic Nonviolent Struggle" has been translated and published in Sekiya-Dhramma journal of the Thai Inter-religious Commission for Development, January/February, 1993.

1992 "An Anti-Coup Defense: Prerequisite for a Lasting Democracy," (Lecture in the Faculty of Political Science at Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand, 5 November 1992), in Civilian-Based Defense, Vol. 8, No. 2, December 1992, pp. 2-5. Reprinted inNonviolence Today, (West End, Australia), No. 31, March/April 1993, pp. 12-15.

1992 "Promoting Civilian-Based Defense: Lessons from the History of Development of the Policy," in Civilian-Based Defense: News and Opinion, Vol. 7, No. 6, August 1992, pp. 11-18. Reprinted in Nonviolence Today, (West End, Australia), No. 30, January/February 1993, pp. 9-13.

1992
Spanish "En Contra de un Golpe de Estado" [Against the coup d'état]. Economia Hoy (Caracas), 3 parts, December 22, December 23, and December 24, 1992, pp. 18-23.

1992
Spanish "En Contra de un Golpe de Estado" [Against the coup d'état]. Diario El Mundo (San Salvador), 11 parts, December 15-25, 1992.

1992 "The Relevance of Civilian-based Defense for the 1990s," in Civilian-Based Defense: News and Opinion, Vol. 8, No. 1, October 1992, pp. 2-6.

1992
Spanish "Defensa civilista contra la usurpacion del poder legal" [Civilian defense against the usurpation of legal power], in La Prensa(Panama City), 2 parts, March 22 and March 23, 1992, p. 2a.

1991
Russian "Nyenasilstvyenaya Barga: Luchshe Resheniya Ostrikh Politicheskikh i Eticheskikh Konflictoff?" [Nonviolent struggle: A better means of resolving acute political and ethical conflicts?], in Filosofskie Nauki [Philosophical sciences] (Moscow), Vol. 11, (Nov. 1990), pp. 78-83. Reprinted as a chapter in Eticheskaya Misl: Nauchna - Publitsisticheskiye chteniya 1991 [Ethical thought: Scientific journal articles 1991]. Moscow: Academy of Sciences.

1990
Lithuanian "Pilietinis Pasipriesinimas," in Lietuvos Aidas, March 26-28, 1991. [Three part edited translation of the conference paper "A Civilian-Based Resistance Component: A Contribution to Both Deterrence and Defense," prepared for the Swedish Ministry of Defense]

1990
Hebrew "Al Haoptziott Hapolitiott Hamodot Bifney Israel Lehittmodedutt im Halntifada Vetozoteihen Haefshariott," [Considering policy options and consequences for Israel facing the Intifada] in Medina, Memshal Veyehasim Bein-Leumiyim [State, Government, and International Relations], (Jerusalem), No. 32, (Spring 1990), pp. 71-79.

1990 
"People Power Takes Center Stage," co-authored with Bruce Jenkins, in United States Institute of Peace Journal, Vol. 3, No. 1, March 1990, pp. 7-9.

1990 
"Nonviolence: The Path the Intifada Should Follow," co-authored with Bruce Jenkins, in The Return, Vol. 2, No. 5, January 1990, pp. 32-35.

1990 
Swedish "Israel Fruktar det Fredliga Motståndet" [Israel fears the peaceful resistance], in Ordfront Magasin (Stockholm), No. 4, April 1990, pp. 55-59.

1989 
"Nonviolent Struggle in China: An Eyewitness Account," co-authored with Bruce Jenkins, in Nonviolent Sanctions: News from the Albert Einstein Institution, Vol. 1, No. 2, Fall 1989. Reprinted in Social Alternatives, Vol. 8, No. 4, January 1990, pp. 43-47; inNonviolence Today (Australia), No. 13, February/March 1990, pp. 14-18; in Dutch as "Geweldloze Stridje in China: Een Oogetuige Verslag," in Geweldloos Aktief, No. 4, December 1989; in German as "Organisation und Leitung des Hungerstreiks der Studenten in Peking--Mai/Juni 1989," in gewaltfreie aktion, Vol. 22, No. 85/86, 3rd & 4th Quarter 1990, pp. 62-69.

1989
French "L'action non-violente, meilleure stratégie pour les Palestiniens," in Alternatives Non Violentes, No. 70, March 1989, pp. 3-11. (Translation of the pamphlet "Nonviolent Struggle: An Efficient Technique of Political Action -- An Interview with Gene Sharp." By Afif Safieh.)

1989 "The Intifadah and Nonviolent Struggle," in Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 19, No. 1, Issue 73, Autumn 1989, pp. 3-13.

1987 "Nonviolent Struggle (Interview by Afif Safieh)," in Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1, Issue 65, Autumn, 1987, pp. 37-55.

1987 "Deterrence and Defence by Nonviolent Sanctions" in Social Alternatives (Australia), Vol. 6, No. 2, April 1987, pp. 9-18. (Publication of paper presented at the Alternative Defence Strategies for Australia Conference, Brisbane, Queensland, July 7-8, 1984.)

1985 "Alternative Defense -- interview with Gene Sharp," in The Tarrytown Letter: A Forum for New Ideas, (Tarrytown, NY), No. 45, January 1985, pp. 3-10.

1984 "Disregarded History: The Power of Nonviolent Action" in Duane Sweeney, editor, The Peace Catalog, Seattle: Press for Peace, 1984, pp. 231-241. Reprinted from Fellowship, Vol. 42, No. 3, March 1976, pp. 3-11.

1984 "Nonviolence," in The Peace Pastoral: Renewing Perspectives, Reordering Priorities, (Proceedings of the National Committee Meeting for the Campaign for Human Development, United States Catholic Conference, October 28-30, 1983). Washington, DC: Campaign for Human Development, pp. 30-37.

1983 "Investigating New Options in Conflict and Defense," in Teachers College Record, Vol. 84, No. 1, Fall 1982. Reprinted in Social Alternatives (Australia), Vol. 3, No. 2, March 1983.

1982
Japanese "Senso no haizetsu o jitsugen kano na mokuhyo to surutame-ni" [Toward the objective of making the abolition of war a realizable possibility], in Gunji Minron [People's military forum], No. 28, 1982, pp. 101-116. (Translation of "Making the Abolition of War a Realistic Goal.")

1982 "Making The Abolition of War a Realistic Goal," reprinted in Peace Research Reviews, Vol. 9, No. 1, March 1982, pp. 2-22.

1982 "Effective Courses on Nonviolent Alternatives," in Focus, Vol. 8, No. 2, Winter 1982, pp. 102-104.

1981 "Civilian-based Defense as a Peace Strategy," in Peace and Change, Vol. 7, No. 4, Fall 1981, pp. 53-58.

1981
German "Gewaltfreie Aktion: Technik im politischen Kampf" [Nonviolent action: technique in political struggle], in graswurzel revolution, Nos. 51 and 52, December 1980-January 1981 and February-March 1981, pp. 20-22 of each issue.

1980
French "A la recherche d'une solution au probleme de la guerre," in alternatives nonviolentes, No. 39, December 1980, pp. 3-16. (Translation of "Seeking a Solution to the Problem of War" from Social Power and Political Freedom.)

1978
Dutch "Sociale Verdediging: Optie voor West Europa," [Civilian-based defense: option for Western Europe], in Jason-magazine, Vol. 3, No. 5, December 1978, pp. 14-21.

1970 "Gandhi's Evaluation of Indian Nonviolent Action," in Political Science Review (Rajasthan), Vol. 9, Nos. 1 and 2, January and June 1970, pp. 18-51.

1970 "National Defense Without Armaments," in Schism, Vol. 1, No. 4, Fall 1970, pp. 34-42.

1970 "The Origins of Gandhi's Nonviolent Militancy. A review-essay on Erik Erikson's Gandhi's Truth"), in Harvard Political Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, May 1970, pp. 13-14 and 34-39.

1969 "Nonviolence: Moral Principle or Political Technique?" in Indian Political Science Review (Delhi), Vol 4, No. 1, October 1969, pp. 17-36.

1967 "The Need of a Functional Substitute for War," in International Relations (London), Vol. 3, No. 3, April 1967, pp. 187-207.

1964 "Ethics and Responsibility in Politics: A critique of the present adequacy of Max Weber's classification of ethical systems," inInquiry (Oslo), Vol. 7, No. 3, Autumn 1964, pp. 304-317.

1963 "Civil Disobedience in a Democracy: Constitutional Issues in the Committee of 100 'Secrets Trial'," in Peace News (London), Supplement, February 22, 1963.

1961 "Review of Leo Kuper's Passive Resistance in South Africa," in Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 5, No. 4, December 1961, pp. 395-402.

1959 "The Meanings of Nonviolence: A Typology," in Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 3, No. 1, March 1959, pp. 41-66.

1959 "Research Project on 'Totalitarianism and Nonviolent Resistance,'" in Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 3, No. 2, June 1959, pp. 153-161.

1959 "Review of Joan V. Bondurant's Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict," in Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 3, No. 4, December 1959, pp. 401-410.


Introductions and Forewords

1994 Foreword in Peter Ackerman and Christopher Kruegler, Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: The Dynamics of People Power in the Twentieth Century. Westport: Praeger Publishers, p. ix-xiii.

1990 "Bart de Ligt (1883-1938): An Appreciation and Assessment of his The Conquest of Violence: An Essay on War and Revolution," in Peter van den Dungen, Hermann Noordegraaf and Wim Robben, "Bart de Ligt (1883-1938): Peace Activist and Peace Researcher" (pamphlet). Boxtel: Bart de Ligt Fonds and Zwolle: Stichting Voorlichting Aktieve Gewelloosheid, pp. 4-9.

1990
Dutch "Bart de Ligt (1883-1938): Een waardering en beoordeling van zijn The Conquest of Violence: An Essay on War and Revolution," in Gernot Jochheim, "Bart de Ligt: De overwinning op het geweld" (pamphlet). Boxtel: Bart de Ligt Fonds, and Zwolle: Stichting Voorlichting Aktieve Gewelloosheid, pp. 5-11.

1986 "A Brave Example to the World," in Monina Allarey Mercado, ed., People Power -- An Eyewitness History: The Philippine Revolution of 1986. Manila: James B. Reuter, S.J. Foundation, p. 7. (Reprint of Los Angeles Times op-ed article of April 4, 1986, "Philippines Taught Us Lessons of Nonviolence.")

1972 To Krishnalal Shridharani's War Without Violence: A Study of Gandhi's Method and its Accomplishments. Garland Library of War and Peace edition, New York: Garland Publishing Co, pp. 5-10.

1963 To "Thoreau: On the Duty of Civil Disobedience" (pamphlet). London: Peace News, pp. 1-4.

Films and videotapes

1989 "People Power," a film by Ilan Ziv, featuring Gene Sharp, shown in Britain on Channel Four in July 1989.

1989 "People Power" a related, but more autobiographical, film by Ilan Ziv included comments by Gene Sharp, shown in the U.S. on the "Point of View" series of National Public Television in September 1990.

1986 Featured Consultant, Alternatives to Violence, a five-part series, with a Learner's Guide, funded by the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education, U.S. Dept. of Education, through the University City Science Center, Philadelphia. [Inquiries to: W.T.L. Productions, Box 351 (S), Primos, Pa. 19018. Available on VHS and BETA cassettes (U.S.) plus NTSC and PAL systems (international).]

1986 Panelist, ABC News Nightline, show #1279, April 17, 1986, "Libya Attack: Debating the Consequences." (Transcript: Journal Graphics, 2 John Street, New York, N.Y. 10038. Tape: ABC-TV Nightline, attn. Pat Vance, Wide World of Learning, 825 Seventh Avenue, N.Y. 10019.)

Audiotapes

1994 "Interview with Gene Sharp" with Fr. Donal O'Mahoney featured on two Vatican radio short-wave broadcasts, 27 January and 3 February.

1986 "Conversations with The Christian Science Monitor," September 5, 1986 interview with Gene Sharp.

1985 "Making Europe Unconquerable", an address before the Cambridge Forum, January 23,
1985. (Inquiries: Cambridge Forum, 3 Church Street, Cambridge, Mass. 02138.)

1982 "A Case for Nonviolent Defense," an address before the Ninth Pax Christi (USA) National Aassembly, Rochester, Minn., October 9, 1982. (Inquiries to: Media Department, Catholic Education Center, 328 West Sixth Street, St. Paul, Minn. 55102.)

1983 "A Modern Alternative to War?", interview June 1983, tape #83-24. "More on Civilian-Based Defense," interview October 1984, tape #84-40. Common Ground Cassettes. (Inquiries: The Stanley Foundation, 420 East Third Street, Muscatine, Iowa 52761.)

Books recorded for the blind

1986 Making Europe Unconquerable, Readings for the Blind, Inc., 29451 Greenfield Road, Southfield, Mich. 48076. (Three cassettes, available on 3-3/4 ips 4-track cassettes.)

1982 Social Power and Political Freedom, Recording for the Blind, 20 Roszel Road, Princeton, N.J. 08540. (Shelf no. BL189 (five tapes). Available on 15/16 ips 4-track cassettes.

1979 The Politics of Nonviolent Action, Part I, Power and Struggle, recording no. 4591-79C (four cassettes), Volunteer Services for the Visually Handicapped, Milwaukee Public Library (814 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53233).

1977 The Politics of Nonviolent Action, Part I, Power and Struggle, shelf no. AL 652 (two tapes). Part II, The Methods of Nonviolent Action, shelf no. AM 815 (five tapes). Part III, The Dynamics of Nonviolent Action, shelf no. AP 252 (five tapes). (Available either on 1 7/8 ips 4-track open reel tapes or 15/16 ips 4-track cassettes. Recording for the Blind, Inc. 215 East 58th Street, New York, New York. 10022.)

The Albert Einstein Institution
427 Newbury Street
Boston, MA 02115-1810
USA
Tel.: USA+617-247-4882
Fax: USA+617-247-4035
e-mail: einstein@igc.org
website: www.aeinstein.org

A nonprofit organization advancing the study and use of strategic
nonviolent action in conflicts throughout the world.

4 Comments

Fri

23

Mar

2012

Gene Sharp

GENE SHARP A Biographical Profile

http://www.peace.ca/genesharp.htm


Gene Sharp is Senior Scholar at the Albert Einstein Institution in Boston, Massachusetts. From 1965 he held research appointments in Harvard University’s Center for International Affairs for nearly thirty years. He is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.

 

Dr. Sharp, who has been called "the Clausewitz of nonviolent warfare," founded the Albert Einstein Institution in 1983 to promote research, policy studies, and education on the strategic uses of nonviolent struggle in face of dictatorship, war, genocide, and oppression.

 

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Thu

22

Mar

2012

World Water Day spotlights growing need, dwindling sources

UN WIRE

On World Water Day, the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization warned that 70% more water would be needed to produce enough food for the planet's growing population by 2050, while the world body's World Water Development Report projected that the need could be even greater if crop yields and production aren't drastically improved. Two-thirds of all people could be living under water-stressed conditions in about a decade, according to the FAO. FOR MORE PRESS AlertNet (3/21) 

2 Comments

Thu

22

Mar

2012

Internet Providers Agree to Fight 'Zombie' Computer Networks

Every month, about four million computers turn into zombies, according to researchers.
Every month, about four million computers turn into zombies, according to researchers.

HuffPost Technology dailybrief@huffingtonpost.com

Unbeknownst to their owners, who have accidentally clicked on a malicious link or file, the infected computers get recruited to join botnets -- or global networks of remote-controlled PCs that cyber criminals use to crash websites, swipe passwords or steal consumer financial data.

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Thu

22

Mar

2012

Nonviolence & Durable World Peace?

Is Nonviolence the Solution in Creating a Durable World Peace?

 

War spans the human memory across time where disputes ranging from religion, ideology, wealth, politics, power and territory are resolved through killing other human beings. The 20th century is viewed as the most destructive on record, 250 wars and 109 million humans have been killed and not a day passes without a war reported in the media. Whilst wars are horrific as a means to an ends, the advent of the atomic bomb moved the world to the precipice of mutually assured destruction. The world now has a choice nuclear annihilation or a golden age of peace. Mahatma Gandhi on hearing the news about Hiroshima in 1945, did not move a muscle, he was clear, ‘unless now the world adopts nonviolence it will spell certain suicide for mankind’. This paper will explore nonviolence from its origins through its many transformations of mysticism, pacifism, gandhian satyagraha and pragmatic nonviolence. The lamp of nonviolence will illuminate the question of how effective is nonviolence in creating a lasting world peace and how the future could manifest out of a commitment to nonviolence.

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Wed

21

Mar

2012

Naked Bicyclist in Protest

Hundreds of naked and semi-nude bicyclists rode through Lima, Peru to demand safer road conditions.
Hundreds of naked and semi-nude bicyclists rode through Lima, Peru to demand safer road conditions.

AOL


LIMA, Peru -- About 300 nude bicyclists have ridden through the Peruvian capital of Lima to call attention to safety conditions and demand measures protecting cyclists.

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Wed

21

Mar

2012

Einstein Proved Right in Retest of Neutrinos’ Speed

The New York Times

 

GENEVA (AP) — Einstein may have been right after all.

 

European researchers said Friday they had measured again the speed of a subatomic particle that a September experiment suggested traveled faster than the speed of light, violating Einstein’s special theory of relativity, which underlies much of modern physics.

 

The research team, led by the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Carlo Rubbia, found that the particles, neutrinos, do not travel faster than light.

 


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Wed

21

Mar

2012

Physics shocker! Neutrinos clocked faster than light

As part of the OPERA experiment, physicists tracked how long it takes for neutrons generated at CERN to reach a detector 730km away in Italy. (Credit: National Institute of Nuclear Physics (ITFN) in Italy)
As part of the OPERA experiment, physicists tracked how long it takes for neutrons generated at CERN to reach a detector 730km away in Italy. (Credit: National Institute of Nuclear Physics (ITFN) in Italy)

 

Tiny subatomic particles are challenging Einstein's decades-old conclusion that nothing can travel faster than light. Next up: intense scrutiny of the finding.


European physicists have measured tiny particles called neutrinos moving just faster than the speed of light--only a smidgen faster, but enough to raise a serious possibility that Einstein's physics need a major overhaul.

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Tue

20

Mar

2012

Entire nation of Kiribati to be relocated over rising sea level threat

The low-lying Pacific nation of Kiribati is negotiating to buy land in Fiji so it can relocate islanders under threat from rising sea levels.
The low-lying Pacific nation of Kiribati is negotiating to buy land in Fiji so it can relocate islanders under threat from rising sea levels.

8:59AM GMT 07 Mar 2012

 

In what could be the world's first climate-induced migration of modern times, Anote Tong, the Kiribati president, said he was in talks with Fiji's military government to buy up to 5,000 acres of freehold land on which his countrymen could be housed.

 

 

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Tue

20

Mar

2012

As climate changes, Louisiana seeks to lift a highway

Tim Osborn/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association -  Rising sea levels near Leeville, La., during the past 100 years have left this 1905 cemetery entirely underwater.
Tim Osborn/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association - Rising sea levels near Leeville, La., during the past 100 years have left this 1905 cemetery entirely underwater.

By Published: March 18


GOLDEN MEADOW, La.— Here on the side of Louisiana’s Highway 1, next to Raymond’s Bait Shop, a spindly pole with Global Positioning System equipment and a cellphone stuck on top charts the water’s gradual encroachment on dry land.

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Mon

19

Mar

2012

Robert Maynard Hutchins

Robert Maynard Hutchins
Robert Maynard Hutchins

From 1929 to 1951 President/Chancellor of the University of Chicago.

 

William Rainey Harper brought the University of Chicago into being, giving it form and life and mission. But it is the legacy of Robert Maynard Hutchins (January 17, 1899 – May 17, 1977 which is still avidly discussed and debated. Although Hutchins brought his own ideas and innovations with him, he came to embody the spirit of the University in a way no one else has since Harper. Hutchins was immediately compared with Harper — young, energetic, brilliant, charismatic. Unlike Harper, though, he was an iconoclast who ridiculed empty rhetoric, shabby reasoning, and institutions which did not fulfill their promise. He could say, with a straight face:

 

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Mon

19

Mar

2012

Abraham John Muste

A.J. Muste, Pacifist & Prophet: His Relation to the Society of Friends

Biography

Brief biography 

Noam Chomsky, "On the backgrounds of the Pacific War", Liberation,

Of Holy Disobedience

Pendle Hill Beginnings

September-October 1967.

Chomsky wrote this article "for a memorial number of Liberation which, as the editor expressed it, 'gathered together a series of articles that deal with some of the problems with which A. J. struggled.'"

Saints for this Age

The World Task of Pacifism

War is the Enemy

World Task of Pacifism

War is the Enemy

 

0 Comments

Mon

19

Mar

2012

Ghonim

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wael Ghonim (BacktoBlack Festival), was one of the main leaders of the protests that toppled the dictatorship of Hosni Mubarak in Egypt. Ghonim graduated in Computer Engineering from Cairo University and then graduated with an MBA in Marketing and Finance from the American University in the Egyptian capital. In 2008, he was hired by Google and soon received a promotion to Marketing Executive for the Middle East and North Africa.

 

Read More 1 Comments

Sun

18

Mar

2012

Twelve Lectures: What Is Justice?

Justice

There is an excellent series of 12 lectures called Justice, which examine the way people think about various issues.  The lectures are about an hour each, and on both Youtube and Youku.

Michael Snadel of Harvard University presents the series:

Justice What's The Right Thing To Do?

 

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Sat

17

Mar

2012

Squid

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sperm whales are believed to do battle with colossal squid, though such a fight has not been observed
Sperm whales are believed to do battle with colossal squid, though such a fight has not been observed

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Sat

17

Mar

2012

Hangman

Hangman
2 Comments

Sat

17

Mar

2012

Quote of the Day

Quote of the Day
1 Comments

Sat

17

Mar

2012

In The News

In the News
0 Comments

Sat

17

Mar

2012

Today's Birthday

Today's Birthday
0 Comments

Sat

17

Mar

2012

Match Up

Match Up
Match each word in the left column with its synonym on the right. When finished, click Answer to see the results. Good luck!

 
0 Comments

Sat

17

Mar

2012

This Day in History

This Day in History
0 Comments

Sat

17

Mar

2012

Article of the Day

Article of the Day
0 Comments

Wed

14

Mar

2012

ICC convicts Lubanga in historic first verdict

ICC convicts Lubanga in historic first verdict

Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga this morning was convicted in the International Criminal Court -- the court's first verdict since its inception a decade ago -- of recruiting and deploying child soldiers under the age of 15 during five years of fighting that ended in 2003, resulting in more than 60,000 deaths. Lubanga could face life imprisonment. Mail & Guardian Online (South Africa) (3/14), Reuters (3/14), BBC (3/14) 

 

0 Comments

Wed

14

Mar

2012

Jennifer and a School Chorale Trip

I had been working on the section of Discussion Group that is about Civil Disobedience (it is still in the construction and editing phase), when Jenni gave me a communication from her school, a communication that I was to sign.  My work on DiscussionGroup was dealing with the philosophical civil disobedience, with the reality of death of peaceful people, with oppressive governments that ended up murdering their own citizens, with governments willing to do whatever they wanted to do to maintain control and adherance to that government's interests.  The communication had no such dire consequencies - or did it?


To set the stage:  the communication said Jenni's class (with Jenni) was required to be at a musical contest and that those who did not attend would fail the class.  The trip to the contest had been arranged by the school - a bus that had been paid for with school funds, and the trip was approved of by the school.  However they did not have enough money to arrange the trip home and so we (parents and guardians) were required to pick up the children and see that they got back home. The note required the signature of a responsible person (parent or guardian), a signature which clearly stated that the child could go on the bus and that the parent/guardian would be responsible for anything that happened to the child on the bus!

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Mon

12

Mar

2012

Much of world to experience "water stress"

From UN Wire:  March 12, 2012:  News covering the UN and the world


Much of world to experience "water stress"

"In many countries water availability for agriculture is already limited and uncertain, and is set to worsen," concludes the latest UN World Water Development Report, which finds that farmers will need one-fifth more water by 2050 to meet increasing demands for food by a population estimated to reach 9.3 billion. Today, more than 80% of used water goes uncollected and untreated, an issue slated to be discussed at this week's World Water Forum. Bloomberg(3/12), The Independent (London) (3/12)

 

2 Comments

Mon

12

Mar

2012

A. J. Muste - a Biblography

Abraham Johannes Muste (January 8, 1885 - February 11, 1967) was a socialist active in the pacifist movement, labor movement and the US civil rights movement.

 



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Mon

12

Mar

2012

Younger Bach’s music played cool and warm

The Washington Post: Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

Pity the offspring of Johann Sebastian Bach: Lavishly gifted as musicians, they’ve never been able to escape the vast shadow of their father. That’s certainly the case of second son Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, who broke from the formal musical herd of the time to develop a distinctive and highly influential “Empfindsamer” (or “sentimental”) style, full of sudden shifts in rhythm and harmony, overheated emotionalism and a kind of quirky, almost operatic drama. It’s fascinating stuff but not widely heard anymore, so it was a treat to hear soprano Julianne Baird, with Preethi de Silva on harpsichord and pianoforte, offer up a program on Friday night at the Library of Congress that made a strong case for a revival of this intriguing composer.


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Sun

11

Mar

2012

Brains of tiny spiders are very large

New research on tiny spiders has revealed that their brains are so large that they fill their body cavities and overflow into their legs, say a team of scientists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama.

Posted on 12 December 2011

For the Rest of the Article

 

0 Comments

Sun

11

Mar

2012

Resources, Institutions

Civil Disobedience

King's Center  A complete collection of information on King and many others.

The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory  

 

General  

Smithsonian  The world's largest museum and research complex, with 19 museums, 9 research centers and more than 140 affiliate museums around the world. 

Cultural Programs

Museums and Zoo

Research Centers

 

History

Renaissance

The Renaissance Connection

0 Comments

Sun

11

Mar

2012

The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory

The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory contributes to the making of a just society by promoting the values, vision and work of our Founder.

Nelson Mandela International Day is the embodiment of these efforts, with its emphasis on remembering the past, stimulating dialogue and encouraging people to act (Memory, Dialogue and Action) in order to promote social justice.

 

The Dialogue Programme promotes and facilitates dialogue around critical social issues within communities and focuses on building capacity at a grassroots level.

 

The Memory Programme offers an integrated information resource on the life and times of Nelson Mandela, giving members of the public, scholars and fellow memory institutions across the globe access to relevant information, primarily through the internet and mobile phones. The programme also prioritises advocacy work around access to information, dealing with the past, and related issues.

 

0 Comments

Sun

11

Mar

2012

A festival in India - Holi

 

Holi is one of the oldest festivals of India. There are many interesting stories associated with the festival's origin as one moves across the different states from North to South and East to West. Paintings and scriptures depict the roots of the festival. Mythology plays a very important part in narrating the festival of Holi. The most popular stories of Holi origin relates to 'Holika Dahan' and Legend of Radha-Krishan.

 


 

The legend of Radha and Krishna is closely linked with this tradition of colors on Holi. Young Krishna, who had a dark complexion was jealous of his beloved Radha's extremely fair skin. In a mischievous mood, he applied color on Radha's face. Following this ancient legend, lovers till date long to color their beloved as an expression of love. 

 

 

 

Thanks to Raji/Rose a great chat group person from India we have this description and these pictures of an important holiday.

 

Holi is one of the major festivals of India and is the most vibrant of all. The joys of Holi knows no bound. The festival is celebrated across the four corners of India or rather across the globe. The festival is filled with so much fun and frolic that the very mention of the word 'Holi' draws smile and enthusiasm amongst the people. Holi also celebrates the arrival of Spring, a season of joy and hope. 

Integrally entwined with Holi, is the tradition of 'Holika Dahan', which is actually lighting of bonfires. The ritual is symbolic of victory of good over evil and has its root in the legend of demon king Hiranyakashyap who wished to end his blessed son, Prahlad's life with the help of his sister, Holika who burnt in the fir and no harm occurred to Prahlad. Since then the day is celebrated in victory of good over bad. 

 

 

 

Holi is famous as Basant Utsav in rural India. It is one of the major festivals in India and is celebrated with extreme enthusiasm and joy. Gulal, abeer and pichkaris are synonymous with the festival. Elaborate plans are made to color the loved ones. Everybody wants to be the first one to color the other. In the ensuing battle of colors, everybody is drowned not just in colors of gulal but also in love and mirth. People love to drench others and themselves in colored water. Gujiyas and other sweets are offered to everyone who comes across to color.


Temples are beautifully decorated at the time of Holi. Idol of Radha is placed on swings and devotees turn the swings singing devotional Holi songs. Now-a-days small plays are organized reflecting the spirit of the festival.

 

What is remarkably same across the country is the spirit of Holi. Fun, frolic, boisterousness to the extent of buffoonery marks this festival of colors. What more can be expected- when the people get a social sanction to get intoxicated on the bhang, open not just their hearts' out but also their lungs. And viola, nobody is expected to take offense too, as the norm of the day is, 'Bura na mano Holi hai' .

 


1 Comments

Sat

10

Mar

2012

Stokeley Carmichael

Carmichael, Stokely, 194198, African-American social activist, b. Trinidad.

From 

Stokely Carmichael — Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0810493.html#ixzz1okD0RFZy

 

He lived in New York City after 1952 and graduated from Howard Univ. in 1964. Carmichael participated in the Congress of Racial Equality's “freedom rides” in 1961, and by 1964 was a field organizer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in Alabama. As SNCC chair in 1966, he ejected more moderate leaders and set off a storm of controversy by calling for “black power,” a concept he elaborated in a 1967 book (with C. Hamilton). His increasingly separatist politics isolated him from most of the civil-rightsmovement, and he emigrated to Conakry, Guinea, in 1969. There he spent the rest of his life, calling himself a pan-African revolutionary but largely relegated to the political fringe. He changed his name to Kwame Ture, and was briefly married to the singer Miriam Makeba. His memoir Ready for Revolution was posthumously published in 2003.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2007, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

0 Comments

Sat

10

Mar

2012

Julianne's Letter To The Editor

The Sun is an independent, ad-free monthly magazine that has been active for more than thirty years.  It’s URL is http://www.thesunmagazine.org/.  This is a magazine that Julianne likes a lot and one that those of us in the family think well of too.  Julianne is my second oldest child, and the oldest girl.  The letter is written in response to an article called “Oh Baby” which concerns the latest issue raised against women by one of our political parties (The Republican Party, and even more particularly the far right members of that group).


EditorThe Sun Magazine107 North Roberson StreetChapel Hill, NC 27516
March 6, 2012
RE: “Oh Baby”

 

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Fri

09

Mar

2012

THREE PRINCIPLES OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: THOREAU, GANDHI, AND KING

THREE PRINCIPLES OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE:

THOREAU, GANDHI, AND KING

By Nick Gier, Professor Emeritus, University of Idaho (ngier@uidaho.edu)

 

published in Lewiston Morning Tribune, January 15, 2006

 

"What Part of Equality Don't You Understand?"

"How Did We Lose Our Racial Color Blindness?"

"Bayard Rustin: The Gay Man Who Organized the 1963 March on Washington"

 

True peace is not merely the absence of tension; it is the presence of justice.—Martin Luther King, Jr. 

 

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Fri

09

Mar

2012

Gandhi vs. Nelson Mandela - Differences between Gandhi and Nelson Mandela

There are many notable peace makers who are famous in recent history. Two of them are Nelson Mandela and Gandhi. One many have heard about, and the other some might not have heard about. However, they both are well-known for many of their good deeds. After reading this article, you should have a better understanding about both these men and what they are known for, and how these two go together. At this moment in time, some might have little information about them. Here are some of highlights you may or may not know, but still remember that each man was great in his own way. [Obviously this is taken from a Western press. Roger Cuneo]

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Fri

09

Mar

2012

NobelPrize.Org: Nelson Mandela

Biography

Nelson MandelaNelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born in Transkei, South Africa on July 18, 1918. His father was Chief Henry Mandela of the Tembu Tribe. Mandela himself was educated at University College of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand and qualified in law in 1942. He joined the African National Congress in 1944 and was engaged in resistance against the ruling National Party's apartheid policies after 1948. He went on trial for treason in 1956-1961 and was acquitted in 1961.

 

Press here to see more of this brief biography

 

 

1 Comments

Fri

09

Mar

2012

COCONUT-CARRYING OCTOPUS STUNS RESEARCHERS

Dec. 15, 2009 -- In this photo taken near Indonesia, a veined octopus was seen collecting coconut shells for shelter.

 

Australian scientists were stunned by this unusually sophisticated behavior and believe it is the first evidence of an invertebrate using tools.

 

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Fri

09

Mar

2012

BROWN BEAR TOOL KIT: A ROCK FOR SCRATCHING

March 5, 2012 - On July 2010, a brown bear had an itch. To scratch it, he picked up a barnacle-covered rock and rubbed it over his muzzle.
March 5, 2012 - On July 2010, a brown bear had an itch. To scratch it, he picked up a barnacle-covered rock and rubbed it over his muzzle.
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Thu

08

Mar

2012

Carl Haessler

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

  

Carl Haessler (1888 - 1972) was an American political activist, conscription resister, newspaper editor, and trade unionorganizer. He is best remembered as an imprisoned conscientious objector during World War I and as the longtime head of the Federated Press, a left wing news service which supplied content to radical and labor newspapers around the country.

 

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Thu

08

Mar

2012

Famous personalities influenced by Gandhi

From Hindustan Times
September 09, 2009

Leaders of the civil rights movement in the United States, Martin Luther King and James Lawson, drew from the writings of Gandhi in the development of their own theories about non-violence.

Anti-apartheid activist and former President of South Africa, Nelson Mandela, was inspired by Gandhi.

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Thu

08

Mar

2012

Mohandas Gandhi

Oct  2, 1869 to Jan 30, 1948


Mohandas Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Bristish India. He became the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He pioneered a belief in resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, based on total nonviolence. This concept helped India to gain independence, and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

1 Comments

Thu

08

Mar

2012

Obama at Harvard Law School diversity protest in 1991

The Washington Post - The Fix

 

BuzzFeed has unearthed video of President Obama, then president of the Harvard Law Review, speaking at a protest for more diversity on campus in 1991:

 

 

It’s a short video but an interesting glimpse at the president as a young student. His public speaking style appears to have changed little over the years.

 

In his remarks, Obama praised Professor Derrick Bell, who had decided to take an unpaid leave of absence until a woman of color was given tenure at the school.

 

Bell, who Obama called “the Rosa Parks of legal education,” died last year. He is credited with developing “critical race theory” — the idea that bias against African Americans and other minorities is ingrained in the legal system. He never returned to Harvard, and an African American woman did not become a tenured professor there until 1998.


2 Comments

Wed

07

Mar

2012

Women in the World

UN's Bachelet takes stock of Women in the World

As some of the most powerful women in the world convene in New York for the third annual Women in the World meeting, the UN Women's agency is wrapping up its first year of operation. "The biggest challenges everywhere are political participation and economic empowerment -- and ending violence against women," said Michelle Bachelet, executive director of UN Women. 

 

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Sun

04

Mar

2012

Overview of the Renaissance

 

The Renaissance Connection

USE THIS INTERNET CONNECTION to go to this site



Welcome to The Renaissance Connection, the Allentown Art Museum's interactive educational web site. With the simple click of a mouse button, travel 500 years into the past to discover many Renaissance innovations revealed through the Allentown Art Museum's Samuel H. Kress Collection of European art.

 

Be a patron of the arts. Design your own innovation. Investigate Renaissance artworks in depth. Discover how past innovations inform life today. And more, all enhanced with quirky visuals, irreverent humor, and engaging interactivity that reveal the ways that Renaissance life and culture resemble our own.

The Renaissance Connection is supported by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation and The Rider-Pool Foundation.

 

USE THIS INTERNET CONNECTION to go to this site

2 Comments

Fri

02

Mar

2012

Solar Flare Big Enough To Cause Catastrophe On Earth Called Surprisingly Likely

from Huffington Post

Solar Flare Could Affect U.S. By 2020.  A new study published in the journal Space Weather analyzed the frequency of the solar storms that cause auroras and found that there's a one in eight chance that by 2020 the Earth will be affected by a major solar flare.

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Thu

01

Mar

2012

Chinese villagers have hope for first real election

Hong Ruiqing, 35, left, and her brother, Hong Ruichao, 28, are running for office in a rebel village now buzzing with democratic fervor. / By Calum MacLeod, USA TODAY
Hong Ruiqing, 35, left, and her brother, Hong Ruichao, 28, are running for office in a rebel village now buzzing with democratic fervor. / By Calum MacLeod, USA TODAY

WUKAN, China (USA TODAY) — On a temple stage honoring a Taoist immortal, under a triple-tiered roof topped by dragons, Lin Zuluan made his modest bid for office.

 

"I'm an old guy, without much ability, but I do have a heart that keeps close to the villagers," said Lin, 67, to the applause of hundreds of onlookers Wednesday.

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Sun

27

Mar

2011

In Oman, a young female editor exemplifies new boldness

Thousands of Omanis of all ages attend a rally earlier this month in support of their leader of 40 years, Sultan Qaboos bin Said al-Said, in Muscat, Oman.        Jackie Spinne
Thousands of Omanis of all ages attend a rally earlier this month in support of their leader of 40 years, Sultan Qaboos bin Said al-Said, in Muscat, Oman. Jackie Spinne

THE CHRISTAIN SCIENCE MONITOR 

Kawkab al-Balushi, a bold student newspaper editor, wants to challenge authority – but disagrees with the divergent approach of some of her more rebellious peers who just 'want a Blackberry,' she says.

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Sat

26

Mar

2011

Universal Healthcare Bill Passes VT House: Vermont Takes Step Towards Making Healthcare a Human Right

NEWS ALERT FROM THE HEALTHCARE IS A HUMAN RIGHT CAMPAIGN

BuzzFlash Blog


Montpelier, VT -- Statehouse -- On Wednesday, March 23, members of the grassroots Healthcare Is a Human Right Campaign cheered on as the Vermont House of Representatives voted 92 - 49 to pass the universal healthcare bill, H.202.  The House bill passed as a result of thousands of Vermonters speaking out and demanding that healthcare be treated as a human right and provided as a public good.  

"This bill puts Vermont on a path to a system in which every Vermonter can get the healthcare they need when they need it, and the financing of that system is shared equitably by all.  This is a huge step forward," says Peg Franzen, President of the Vermont Workers' Center. 

 

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Sat

26

Mar

2011

Breaking News:Geraldine Ferraro, first woman Vice Presidential candidate, is dead at age 75

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Breaking News Alert: Breaking News:Geraldine Ferraro, first woman Vice Presidential candidate, is dead at age 75 
March 26, 2011 12:15:14 PM
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Geraldine Anne Ferraro Zaccaro, 75, passed away Saturday morning at Massachusetts General Hospital, surrounded by her family. The cause of death was complications from multiple myeloma, a blood cancer that she had battled for 12 years. 

Ms. Ferraro earned a place in history as the first woman and first Italian-American to run on a major party national ticket, serving as Walter Mondale’s Vice Presidential running mate in 1984 on the Democratic Party ticket. 

 

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Sat

26

Mar

2011

Supermoon Pictures

Supermoon River
Supermoon River

Photograph by Emanuel LopesMy Shot

 

On Saturday the moon (pictured over Lisbon, Portugal's Tagus River) made its closest approach to Earth in 18 years—making the so-called supermoon the biggest full moon in years. (Get the full story of the supermoon.)


The monthly full moon always looks like a big disk, but because its orbit is egg-shaped, there are times when the moon is at perigee—its shortest distance from Earth in the roughly monthlong lunar cycle—or at apogee, its farthest distance from Earth.

 

Likewise, because the size of the moon's orbit varies slightly, each perigee is not always the same distance away from Earth.

Saturday's supermoon was just 221,566 miles (356,577 kilometers) away from Earth—making the supermoon about 20 percent brighter and 15 percent bigger than a regular full moon, said Anthony Cook, astronomical observer for theGriffith Observatory in Los Angeles.

 

Before the supermoon, astronomer Geza Gyuk said, "Look for the full moon as it rises above the eastern horizon as the sun sets below the western horizon—it will be a beautiful and inspiring sight."

 

That's advice a lot of photographers, including National Geographic fans, one of whom contributed this picture, apparently took to heart.

 

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Sat

26

Mar

2011

New Tsunami Pictures: Head-on View of Approaching Wave

The Calm before the Tsunami
The Calm before the Tsunami

Photograph by Sadatsugu Tomisawa, AP

 

In the first of a series of newly released pictures showing a Japanese shoreline before and during the recent tsunami, a beach in Fukushima Prefecture appears calm.

 

The tsunami, captured here by a researcher working on the coast, struck northeastern Japan after a magnitude 9 earthquake, nearly wiping away entire towns.

 

A tsunami isn't a tidal wave but a series of waves—or wave train—in which the first isn't necessarily the most dangerous. Seen from on shore, a tsunami may be more like a rapidly rising tide than a series of giant breaking waves.

 

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Tue

22

Mar

2011

Power restored at Fukushima plant

23-03-2011

Engineers racing to cool a stricken nuclear plant in Japan have partially restored power to one of the control rooms, as radioactivity in the sea fuelled anxiety over food safety.

 

An external electricity supply has now been linked up to all six reactors at the Fukushima power station, 11 days after a massive earthquake and tsunami crippled the ageing facility.

 

In another small step towards regaining control of the plant, the lights came back on in the control centre of the number three reactor, making it easier for workers toiling to get the vital cooling systems working again. The number three reactor is a particular concern because it contains a potentially volatile mixture of uranium and plutonium.

 

The progress on the electrical lines at the plant was a welcome and significant advance after days of setbacks. With the power lines connected, officials hope to start up the overheated plant's crucial cooling system that was knocked out during the March 11th tsunami and earthquake that devastated Japan's northeast coast.

 

However, the operator, Tokyo Electric Power, warned that workers still need to check all equipment for damage first before switching the cooling system on to all the reactor units - a process that could take days or even weeks.

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Mon

21

Mar

2011

Discussion of Origins of English Language March, 21, 2011

Earlier today I was privy to a discussion about the origins of the English language - a subject about which I am relatively ignorant.  Of course I had to voice an opinion, one based on no research or knowledge.

 

On argument was that English rose from Latin, and the other opinion wat that it is a Germanic language.

 

So I thought it would be fun to look around a little and see what information is on the net about this subject.

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Sat

19

Mar

2011

Yemeni Protesters Under Heavy Fire

A medic helped an injured anti-government protester in Sana on Friday.
A medic helped an injured anti-government protester in Sana on Friday.

The New York TImes

 

SANA, Yemen — Security forces and government supporters opened fire on demonstrators on Friday, killing at least 30, as the largest protest so far in Yemen came under violent and sustained attack in the center of the capital, Sana.

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Fri

18

Mar

2011

Timeline: How Japan's nuclear crisis unfolded

Japan's quake and tsunami sparked a major emergency at one of the country's nuclear power stations, amid meltdown fears
Japan's quake and tsunami sparked a major emergency at one of the country's nuclear power stations, amid meltdown fears

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

  • Tsunami resulting from magnitude 9.0 earthquake damages nuclear power plant in north-east Japan
  • The plants has suffered three explosions and two fires since the crisis began Friday March 11
  • IAEA says two workers are missing at the site and at least 20 have fallen ill due to possible radiation contamination

A timeline through March 17, 2011:  Click Here to see the article

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Tue

15

Mar

2011

THE TRUTH WEARS OFF

The New Yorker

 

Is there something wrong with the scientific method?

by Jonah Lehrer

December 13, 2010

 

On September 18, 2007, a few dozen neuroscientists, psychiatrists, and drug-company executives gathered in a hotel conference room in Brussels to hear some startling news. It had to do with a class of drugs known as atypical or second-generation antipsychotics, which came on the market in the early nineties. The drugs, sold under brand names such as Abilify, Seroquel, and Zyprexa, had been tested on schizophrenics in several large clinical trials, all of which had demonstrated a dramatic decrease in the subjects psychiatric symptoms. As a result, second-generation antipsychotics had become one of the fastest-growing and most profitable pharmaceutical classes. By 2001, Eli Lilly’s Zyprexa was generating more revenue than Prozac. It remains the company’s top-selling drug.

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